Nova Science Pub Inc; UK ed. edition (April 30; 2016)
Child abuse and neglect (CAN) continues to be a serious public health problem in the United States; affecting approximately 19% of victims and costing approximately $124 billion to society. When a child is removed from their parent’s custody due to parental abuse or neglect; the child is sometimes placed in temporary custody through dependency court. Difficult and emotionally laden legal decisions occur within dependency court; including determining whether (and where) a child should be temporarily placed or whether a child should be returned to the parent’s custody. Over 6 million children experienced some type of child maltreatment in 2013; with 144;000 receiving foster care services (Child Maltreatment; 2013). Legal decision-makers; including caseworkers; judges; and social workers have the important task of determining what placement is in the best interest of the child. What factors shape decisions in child custodial cases?
Chapter 1 of this ebook; Child Abuse and Neglect: Perceptions; Psychological Consequences and Coping Strategies (PDF) reviews empirical evidence suggesting that the race of the child and parent plays a role in shaping child custodial decisions. Chapter 2 presents a feminist; social constructionist theoretical conceptualization; entitled relational trust theory; that describes the effects of gendered power dynamics on the perception of the other partner as trustworthy in adult-survivor couple interactions; and expounds on the findings of a longitudinal grounded theory study that identified clinical processes of Socio-Emotional Relationship Therapy (SERT) that helped adult-survivor couples transform their gendered power disparities and engage in relationally safe ways that supported a trusting emotional culture. Chapter 3 provides a description of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT); a rationale for its use with parents and children who have experienced CAN; and an overview of PCIT’s evidence base for both intervening with and preventing future CAN.