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Mechanical and Electrical Systems in Architecture; Engineering and Construction (5th Edition)

Download Mechanical and Electrical Systems in Architecture; Engineering and Construction (5th Edition) written by Frank R. Dagostino, Joseph B. Wujek in PDF format. This book is under the category Engineering and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 135000041/9780135000045. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

$19.99

Specifications

book-author

Frank R. Dagostino, Joseph B. Wujek

publisher

Pearson; 5th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

960 pages

language

English

asin

B008VIX9D8

isbn10

135000041

isbn13

9780135000045


Book Description

The ebook Mechanical and Electrical Systems in Architecture; Engineering and Construction 5th Edition (in PDF) provides comprehensive; easy-to-understand introductory coverage of mechanical and electrical systems in buildings. Elementary engineering concepts and step-by-step design principles are introduced in a straightforward manner and supported by over 500 photographs and 320 illustrations. It includes new chapters on emerging sustainability (green) technologies and building science. It presents material that can provide the future architectural engineer; architect; and architectural engineering technician with a basic working-level knowledge of current practices and principles. This ebook is written specifically for those interested in building heating; ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC); storm drainage; plumbing and piping (water supply and sanitary drainage); electrical power distribution; illumination; building telecommunications; vertical/horizontal transportation and conveying; fire protection and suppression; acoustics and acoustical control; and building renewable energy and energy conservation systems.

book-author

Frank R. Dagostino, Joseph B. Wujek

publisher

Pearson; 5th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

960 pages

language

English

asin

B008VIX9D8

isbn10

135000041

isbn13

9780135000045

Table of contents


Table of contents :
Cover……Page 1
Title Page……Page 2
ISBN-13:9780135000045……Page 3
CONTENTS……Page 10
PREFACE……Page 5
PROLOGUE……Page 6
Temperature……Page 20
Specific Heat……Page 21
Specific Heat Capacity……Page 22
Power……Page 23
Air……Page 24
Psychrometric Variables……Page 25
Psychrometric Chart……Page 26
Using the Psychrometric Chart……Page 28
Body Temperature……Page 31
Conditions of Thermal Comfort……Page 32
Environmental Factors Affecting Thermal Comfort……Page 33
Occupant-Related Factors Affecting Thermal Comfort……Page 36
Measuring Temperature and Relative Humidity……Page 37
The Heat Index……Page 39
Wet Bulb Globe Temperature……Page 40
Overall Thermal Comfort in a Space……Page 41
Study Questions……Page 42
2.2 Conduction……Page 46
Forced Convection……Page 48
Ultraviolet Radiation……Page 49
Infrared Radiation……Page 50
Thermal Conductivity, Conductance, and Resistance……Page 53
Thermal Resistance of Air Films and Air Spaces……Page 59
Overall Coefficient of Heat Transmission……Page 60
2.6 Thermal Bridging……Page 63
2.7 Transmission Heat Loss in Parallel Construction Assemblies……Page 66
2.8 Temperature Gradient in Construction Assemblies……Page 67
Study Questions……Page 68
Embodied Energy……Page 72
Heating/Cooling Load Classifications……Page 73
Building Mass Classifications……Page 75
Characteristics of Thermal Insulation……Page 76
Types of Thermal Insulation……Page 78
Insulating Techniques……Page 79
Mass and Effective Thermal Resistance……Page 82
Performance Measures……Page 85
Types of Window Glazings……Page 86
Blower Door Testing……Page 88
Indoor Air Quality……Page 89
Biological Contaminants……Page 90
Carbon Dioxide……Page 91
Ozone……Page 92
Radon……Page 93
Asbestos……Page 94
Methods for Improving IAQ……Page 95
Basic Types……Page 96
Moisture Problems in Buildings……Page 97
Types of Moisture Problems……Page 99
Moisture Transmission Rate……Page 100
Moisture Control……Page 101
Alternative Approaches to Reducing Water Vapor Infiltration……Page 106
Study Questions……Page 107
Building Heat Load……Page 110
Transmission Heat Loss in Construction Assemblies Below Grade……Page 111
Transmission Heat Loss in Floors on Grade……Page 113
Infiltration Heat Loss……Page 114
4.4 Heat Loss from Ventilation……Page 115
Design Conditions……Page 116
General Procedure……Page 118
Energy Estimation Methods……Page 121
Degree-Days……Page 122
Monthly and Seasonal Calculations……Page 123
Approximating Heating Fuel Costs……Page 124
Limitations……Page 125
Study Questions……Page 126
Introduction……Page 146
General Approach……Page 147
Design Conditions……Page 148
Cooling Load from Transmission through Exterior Construction Assemblies……Page 149
Cooling Load from Glass/Windows……Page 151
Sensible Cooling Load from Infiltration/Ventilation……Page 153
Sensible Cooling Load from Internal Heat Gains……Page 154
Applying the Total Cooling Load……Page 155
General Procedure for Computing Residential Cooling Loads……Page 156
Computing the Total Cooling Load……Page 159
Simplified Estimation Method for Cooling……Page 160
Cooling Load Computations……Page 162
Study Questions……Page 168
History of Space Heating……Page 190
Modern HVAC Systems……Page 191
Types of Boilers……Page 192
Boiler Ratings……Page 193
Ancillary Boiler Equipment……Page 194
Use of Multiple Small Boilers……Page 195
Warm-Air Furnaces……Page 197
Individual/Room Space Heaters……Page 201
Infrared Heaters……Page 202
Vapor-Compression Refrigeration Cycle……Page 203
Central Air Conditioners……Page 207
Packaged-Terminal Air-Conditioning Unit……Page 209
Individual/Room Air Conditioners……Page 210
Chillers……Page 211
Cooling Towers……Page 214
Evaporative Coolers……Page 217
Cool Thermal Storage……Page 219
Natural Ventilation……Page 221
Air Humidification……Page 222
Commercial Humidification Systems……Page 223
Desiccant Dehumidification Systems……Page 224
Gas……Page 225
Combustion Air Requirements……Page 226
District Heating……Page 227
Heat Recovery Ventilation……Page 228
Study Questions……Page 229
Ductwork……Page 232
Sealants and Tape……Page 235
Dampers……Page 236
Supply Outlets……Page 237
Fans……Page 238
Heating/Cooling Coils……Page 241
Air Cleaners and Filters……Page 242
Air-Handling Units……Page 243
Terminal Boxes……Page 244
Piping, Fittings, Valves, and Pumps……Page 245
Radiators……Page 246
Fan-Coil Units……Page 247
Unit Ventilators……Page 248
Chilled Beams……Page 249
7.4 Thermal Zoning……Page 250
Thermostatic Controls……Page 251
Building Energy Management Systems……Page 253
Classification of HVAC Distribution Systems……Page 255
Air Distribution System Arrangements……Page 256
Piping Arrangements……Page 259
Water-Loop Heat Pump System……Page 261
Mechanical Ventilation……Page 262
Economizers……Page 263
Compensation for Combustion Equipment……Page 264
Codes……Page 266
HVAC Construction Drawings……Page 267
Study Questions……Page 270
Air Pressure……Page 272
Large All-Air Systems……Page 273
Small All-Air Systems……Page 274
Ducts……Page 278
Duct Layout……Page 279
Basic Systems……Page 280
Fans……Page 281
Effect of Duct Shape……Page 282
Duct Velocities……Page 283
Supply Registers and Diffusers……Page 284
Straight Duct Pressure Losses……Page 286
Sizing Ductwork……Page 287
8.7 Sizing the Equipment……Page 289
8.8 Duct Design Example (Heating)……Page 291
8.9 Duct Design Example (Cooling)……Page 303
8.11 Heat Pumps……Page 316
8.12 Evaporative (Swamp) Cooler Design……Page 317
Sizing an Evaporative Cooler……Page 318
Study Questions……Page 330
Piping Arrangements……Page 334
Thermostat……Page 337
Air Elimination Devices……Page 338
Heat Distribution Device……Page 339
Device Ratings……Page 341
9.4 Basic Distribution System Design……Page 342
9.5 Boiler Selection……Page 348
9.6 Installed and Existing Systems……Page 350
9.7 System Installation……Page 351
Study Questions……Page 354
Unit Heaters……Page 356
System Combinations……Page 357
10.2 Baseboard System Design……Page 358
10.4 Resistance Cable System Design……Page 359
10.5 Resistance Cable Design Example……Page 362
10.7 Radiant Panel Design Example……Page 363
10.8 System Installation……Page 364
Study Questions……Page 365
Earth’s Rotation and Seasonal Tilt……Page 368
Solar Altitude and Azimuth……Page 369
Types of Solar Radiation……Page 370
Behavior of Solar Radiation……Page 372
Solar Collectors……Page 374
Types of Active Heating Systems……Page 378
Introduction……Page 382
Fundamental Passive Solar Space Heating Systems……Page 383
Passive Downdraft Evaporative Cooling Tower……Page 399
11.6 A Model Solar Building……Page 400
Study Questions……Page 402
Tidbits from Plumbing History……Page 412
Fundamental Units……Page 413
Water Sources……Page 417
Water Treatment……Page 419
Water Conservation……Page 421
Community Systems……Page 422
Well Systems……Page 423
12.5 Piping Materials……Page 428
Piping Materials……Page 429
Pipe Pressure Rating……Page 439
Valves……Page 440
Water Closets……Page 443
Urinals……Page 444
Waterless Urinals……Page 445
Bathtubs……Page 446
Showers……Page 447
Lavatories……Page 448
Sinks……Page 449
Other Fixtures……Page 450
Basic Design Considerations for Restrooms……Page 451
Minimum Number of Fixtures……Page 452
Building Codes……Page 453
Study Questions……Page 454
General Water Distribution System Layout……Page 460
Upfeed and Downfeed Distribution……Page 466
Water Pressure……Page 467
Pressure Losses from Friction……Page 468
Cross-Connections……Page 473
Water Hammer……Page 474
Thermal Expansion……Page 475
Volume Change with Temperature Change……Page 476
Flow Rates……Page 478
Water Demand……Page 479
Fixture Units……Page 480
Cold Water……Page 487
Tempered Water……Page 488
Types of Water Heaters……Page 489
Energy Efficiency……Page 494
Hot Water Recirculating Systems……Page 495
Sizing Storage Tank Water Heaters……Page 496
Sizing Instantaneous Water Heaters……Page 497
Sizing a Large Multifamily Water Heating System……Page 498
Demand Load Example……Page 502
Upfeed System Design Example……Page 503
Downfeed System Design Example……Page 507
Types of Pumps……Page 509
Pump Performance……Page 510
Pump Affinity Laws……Page 512
Pump Performance Curves……Page 513
Using Pump Performance Curves……Page 514
Hard Water……Page 515
Water Softeners……Page 516
Study Questions……Page 518
Conventional Sanitary Drainage and Vent System……Page 520
Design Approach……Page 529
14.3 System Installation……Page 533
14.4 Sanitary Drainage and Vent System Design Example……Page 534
Study Questions……Page 543
Wastewater……Page 546
Wastewater Constituents……Page 547
Other Important Wastewater Characteristics……Page 548
Sewage Treatment and Disposal……Page 549
Primary Treatment Equipment……Page 550
Secondary Treatment and Disposal Equipment……Page 553
General Regulations……Page 556
Soil Percolation Test……Page 557
Design of a Septic Tank/Absorption Field……Page 560
Design of a Seepage Pit……Page 563
Installation……Page 565
Gray Water Reuse……Page 566
Gray Water Treatment Systems……Page 567
Gray Water Reuse Regulations……Page 568
15.8 Alternative Wastewater Treatment Systems……Page 569
Study Questions……Page 570
Private Storm Sewers……Page 572
Combined Community Sewers……Page 573
16.3 Roof Drainage Design……Page 574
16.5 Subsurface Drainage Systems……Page 578
Roof Drainage Installation Considerations……Page 580
Sizing Roof Gutters and Downspouts……Page 581
Sizing the Horizontal Storm Drain……Page 582
Sizing a Combined Sewer……Page 583
Study Questions……Page 585
The History of Electricity……Page 592
The Phenomenon of Electricity……Page 593
Producing Current Flow……Page 595
Ohm’s Law……Page 596
The Basic Electrical Circuit……Page 597
Circuiting Configurations……Page 598
Series and Parallel Circuits……Page 599
17.5 The Relationship between Magnetism and Electrical Current……Page 600
Alternating Current……Page 601
Transformers……Page 604
Power Factor……Page 605
17.9 Cost of Electrical Energy and Power……Page 607
Power “Demand” Charge……Page 608
Demand Limiting and Load Shedding……Page 610
Study Questions……Page 611
18.1 Power Generation and Transmission……Page 614
Service Entrance……Page 615
Panelboards……Page 616
Building Transformers……Page 617
18.3 Overcurrent Protection: Fuses and Circuit Breakers……Page 620
Fuses……Page 621
OCP Device Ratings……Page 622
Outlets, Receptacles, and Plugs……Page 623
Switches……Page 624
Wire……Page 630
Conductor Material……Page 632
Cable……Page 633
Conductor Power Loss……Page 644
Conductor Ampacity……Page 645
Electrical Boxes……Page 646
Conduit and Other Raceways……Page 647
Wireways……Page 648
18.7 Electric Motors……Page 649
Motor Ratings……Page 650
Motor Controllers……Page 651
Ground Fault Interruption……Page 652
Arc Fault Protection……Page 653
Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields……Page 654
Surge Protection……Page 656
Equipment for Hazardous Locations……Page 657
Study Questions……Page 658
Manufacturing Standards……Page 662
19.2 Electrical Construction Drawings……Page 663
Supply Voltages……Page 665
Circuit Wiring……Page 666
Common Building System Voltages……Page 667
19.4 Grounded and Ungrounded Conductors……Page 671
Load Balancing……Page 672
Grounding……Page 673
Grounding Requirements……Page 674
Commercial/Industrial Systems……Page 675
Conductor Ampacity Requirements……Page 682
Conductor Voltage Drop Requirements……Page 684
Cable and Raceway Requirements……Page 686
Box/Enclosure Requirements……Page 688
Split Wiring Receptacles……Page 690
Branch Circuit Rating and Loads……Page 691
Branch Circuit Conductor Size……Page 699
Overcurrent Protection (Circuit Breakers and Fuses) Requirements……Page 700
Switchboard and Panelboard Requirements……Page 701
Transformer Requirements……Page 702
Ground Fault Circuit Protection Requirements……Page 704
Basic Design Considerations……Page 705
Design Guidelines for Common Spaces……Page 706
Circuit Design……Page 708
Load Computations……Page 712
Study Questions……Page 718
Historical Perspective……Page 720
The Eye……Page 721
Electromagnetic Radiation……Page 722
Behavior of Light……Page 723
Color Perception……Page 724
Light Output……Page 725
Correlated Color Temperature……Page 727
Lamp Life……Page 728
Incandescent Lamps……Page 730
Gaseous Discharge Lamps……Page 732
Fluorescent Lamps……Page 733
Fluorescent Luminaire Efficacy……Page 737
High-Intensity Discharge Lamps……Page 738
Blended Lamps……Page 739
Solid-State Lighting……Page 740
Architectural Lighting……Page 742
Traditional Lighting Installations……Page 743
Remote-Source Lighting Installations……Page 749
Distribution of Light……Page 750
Glare Control……Page 751
Illuminance……Page 752
Recommended Illuminance……Page 753
Computations for Illuminance from a Single Point Source……Page 754
Calculating Average Illuminance Levels……Page 756
Spacing Criterion……Page 763
Power Density and Power Allowance……Page 764
Benefits of Energy-Efficient Lighting……Page 765
Architectural Lighting Design……Page 766
20.13 Lighting System Controls……Page 768
Fundamental Principles……Page 769
Glazings……Page 770
Daylighting Strategies……Page 771
How Much Area……Page 774
Study Questions……Page 775
Noteworthy Building Fire Catastrophes……Page 778
Fire……Page 779
Performance of Materials in a Fire……Page 780
Building Construction Types……Page 781
Fire-Resistive Construction……Page 783
Fire Doors and Windows……Page 784
Fire and Smoke Ratings……Page 785
Active Fire Protection……Page 788
Automatic Fire Protection Systems……Page 789
Influence on Building Design……Page 797
Automatic Sprinkler Systems in Residences……Page 798
Portable Fire Extinguishers……Page 799
Fire Alarm Systems……Page 800
Smoke and Heat Detectors……Page 801
Fire Detection and Alarm Systems……Page 803
21.5 Building Security……Page 805
Study Questions……Page 810
Historical Perspective……Page 812
Telecommunication Networks……Page 813
Transmission Media……Page 815
Telecommunication Cabling and Pathways……Page 819
Structured Cabling Systems……Page 820
Wiring System Components……Page 825
Study Questions……Page 826
Sound……Page 828
Behavior of Sound……Page 829
Reverberant Sound……Page 831
Reverberation Time……Page 832
Optimum Reverberation Times……Page 833
Transmission/Isolation Ratings……Page 834
Impact Ratings……Page 839
Equipment Noise……Page 840
Surrounding Environment……Page 842
Arrangement and Layout of Rooms……Page 843
Shape of Rooms……Page 844
Isolation of Impact……Page 845
Isolation of Sound……Page 846
Active Noise Control……Page 849
Study Questions……Page 850
Elevator Technologies……Page 852
Basic Components of an Elevator System……Page 855
Elevator Design Criteria……Page 856
24.2 Escalators……Page 858
Basic Components of an Escalator System……Page 859
Escalator Arrangement……Page 861
Lifts……Page 864
Material-Handling Equipment……Page 865
Study Questions……Page 866
Sustainable Buildings……Page 868
Material in this Chapter……Page 869
25.2 Combined Heat and Power (Cogeneration) Systems……Page 870
Building CHP Systems……Page 871
Geothermal Heat Pump Systems……Page 872
Types of GHP Ground Loops……Page 874
Introduction……Page 877
Types of Biomass Fuels……Page 878
Types of Biomass Technologies……Page 879
Building Heating with Biomass……Page 880
PV Cells……Page 881
PV Cell Configurations……Page 883
Photovoltaic Systems……Page 884
Inverters……Page 885
Inverter Configuration……Page 886
Battery Ratings……Page 887
PV System Sizing……Page 888
Wind Speed……Page 891
Wind Direction……Page 893
Fluctuating Wind Speed and Direction……Page 894
Wind Energy Systems……Page 896
Wind Turbine Power……Page 903
Wind System Sizing……Page 905
Basic Systems……Page 908
Run-of-the-River Systems……Page 909
Rainwater Harvesting Systems……Page 913
Design of a Rainwater Harvesting System……Page 914
Study Questions……Page 931
APPENDIX A……Page 934
APPENDIX B……Page 935
APPENDIX C……Page 936
APPENDIX D……Page 939
APPENDIX E……Page 942
A……Page 943
B……Page 944
C……Page 945
D……Page 946
E……Page 947
F……Page 948
H……Page 949
I……Page 951
M……Page 952
P……Page 953
Q……Page 954
S……Page 955
T……Page 957
W……Page 959
Z……Page 961

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