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Vertebrate Life (9th Edition)

Download Vertebrate Life (9th Edition) written by F. Harvey Pough, Christine M. Janis, John B. Heiser in PDF format. This book is under the category Animals and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 321773365/9780321773364. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

$19.99

Specifications

book-author

F. Harvey Pough, Christine M. Janis, John B. Heiser

publisher

Pearson; 9th Edition

file-type

PDF

pages

720 pages

language

English

isbn10

321773365

isbn13

9780321773364


Book Description

For programs in Vertebrate Biology Function; Vertebrate Zoology; and Paleontology

Widely acclaimed for its complete protection and remarkably clear writing fashion; this finest-promoting textual content discovers how the anatomy; ecology; physiology and habits of animals work together to supply organisms that perform effectively of their environments and the way strains of organisms change by way of evolutionary time. Vertebrate Life; 9th Edition; (PDF) options dozens of recent pictures and figures; up to date info from molecular information and evolutionary growth; and developed discussions on international local weather change; extinction; and conservation.

P.S. Contact us if you’d like Vertebrate Life 9e Test Bank or different instructor assets

NOTE: The product solely contains the ebook; Vertebrate Life; ninth Edition in PDF. No access codes are included.

 

book-author

F. Harvey Pough, Christine M. Janis, John B. Heiser

publisher

Pearson; 9th Edition

file-type

PDF

pages

720 pages

language

English

isbn10

321773365

isbn13

9780321773364

Table of contents


Table of contents :
Cover……Page 1
Title Page……Page 2
Copyright Page……Page 3
About the Authors……Page 4
Contents……Page 6
Preface……Page 14
PART I: Vertebrate Diversity, Function, and Evolution……Page 16
1.1 The Vertebrate Story……Page 17
1.3 Phylogenetic Systematics……Page 23
1.4 The Problem with Fossils: Crown and Stem Groups……Page 26
1.5 Evolutionary Hypotheses……Page 27
1.6 Earth History and Vertebrate Evolution……Page 30
Discussion Questions……Page 31
Additional Information……Page 32
2.1 Vertebrates in Relation to Other Animals……Page 34
2.2 Definition of a Vertebrate……Page 39
2.3 Basic Vertebrate Structure……Page 40
Discussion Questions……Page 60
Additional Information……Page 61
3.1 Reconstructing the Biology of the Earliest Vertebrates……Page 62
3.2 Extant Jawless Fishes……Page 65
3.3 The Importance of Extant Jawless Vertebrates in Understanding Ancient Vertebrates……Page 71
3.5 The Basic Gnathostome Body Plan……Page 72
3.6 The Transition from Jawless to Jawed Vertebrates……Page 77
3.7 Extinct Paleozoic Jawed Fishes……Page 81
Summary……Page 83
Additional Information……Page 84
PART II: Non-Amniotic Vertebrates: Fishes and Amphibians……Page 86
4.1 The Aquatic Environment……Page 87
4.2 Water and the Sensory World of Fishes……Page 92
4.4 Exchange of Water and Ions……Page 99
4.5 Responses to Temperature……Page 105
4.6 Body Size and Surface/Volume Ratio……Page 109
Summary……Page 111
Additional Information……Page 112
5.1 Chondrichthyes—The Cartilaginous Fishes……Page 114
5.3 The Paleozoic Chondrichthyan Radiation……Page 117
5.4 The Early Mesozoic Elasmobranch Radiation……Page 120
5.5 Extant Lineages of Elasmobranchs……Page 121
5.6 Batoidea: Skates and Rays……Page 131
5.7 Holocephali—The Little Known Chondrichthyans……Page 133
Discussion Questions……Page 134
Additional Information……Page 136
6.1 The Origin of Bony Fishes……Page 137
6.2 Evolution of the Actinopterygii……Page 141
6.3 Extant Actinopterygii—Ray-Finned Fishes……Page 146
6.4 Locomotion in Water……Page 152
6.5 Actinopterygian Reproduction……Page 156
6.6 The Adaptable Fishes—Teleosts in Contrasting Environments……Page 162
6.7 Conservation of Fishes……Page 165
6.8 Sarcopterygii—The Lobe-Finned Fishes……Page 168
Discussion Questions……Page 171
Additional Information……Page 172
7.1 Earth History, Changing Environments, and Vertebrate Evolution……Page 173
7.2 Continental Geography of the Paleozoic……Page 174
7.3 Paleozoic Climates……Page 177
7.4 Paleozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems……Page 178
7.5 Paleozoic Extinctions……Page 180
Additional Information……Page 181
8.1 Support and Locomotion on Land……Page 182
8.2 Eating on Land……Page 190
8.5 Pumping Blood Uphill……Page 193
8.6 Sensory Systems in Air……Page 197
8.8 Controlling Body Temperature in a Changing Environment……Page 199
Summary……Page 202
Additional Information……Page 203
9.1 Tetrapod Origins……Page 204
9.2 Radiation and Diversity of Non-Amniotic Paleozoic Tetrapods……Page 212
9.3 Amniotes……Page 216
Summary……Page 223
Additional Information……Page 224
10.1 Amphibians……Page 226
10.2 Diversity of Life Histories of Amphibians……Page 237
10.3 Amphibian Metamorphosis……Page 252
10.4 Exchange of Water and Gases……Page 253
10.5 Poison Glands and Other Defense Mechanisms……Page 258
10.7 Why Are Amphibians Vanishing?……Page 261
Discussion Questions……Page 265
Additional Information……Page 266
PART III: Sauropsida: Turtles, Lepidosaurs, and Archosaurs……Page 268
11 Synapsids and Sauropsids: Two Approaches to Terrestrial Life……Page 269
11.1 Taking Advantage of the Opportunity for Sustained Locomotion……Page 270
11.2 Increasing Gas Exchange: The Trachea and Lungs……Page 274
11.3 Transporting Oxygen to the Muscles: Structure of the Heart……Page 280
11.4 Taking Advantage of Wasted Energy: Endothermy……Page 281
11.5 Getting Rid of Wastes: The Kidneys and Bladder……Page 286
11.6 Sensing and Making Sense of the World: Eyes, Ears, Tongues, Noses, and Brains……Page 296
Discussion Questions……Page 299
Additional Information……Page 300
12.1 Everyone Recognizes a Turtle……Page 302
12.2 But What Is a Turtle? Phylogenetic Relationships of Turtles……Page 305
12.3 Turtle Structure and Function……Page 306
12.4 Ecology and Behavior of Turtles……Page 313
12.5 Reproductive Biology of Turtles……Page 315
12.6 Hatching and the Behavior of Baby Turtles……Page 317
12.7 Conservation of Turtles……Page 321
Summary……Page 322
Additional Information……Page 323
13.1 The Lepidosaurs……Page 325
13.2 Radiation of Sphenodontids and the Biology of Tuatara……Page 326
13.3 Radiation of Squamates……Page 327
13.4 Ecology and Behavior of Squamates……Page 336
13.5 Behavioral Control of Body Temperatures by Ectotherms……Page 353
13.6 Temperature and Ecology of Squamates……Page 357
Summary……Page 361
Additional Information……Page 362
14.1 Vertebrates and Their Environments……Page 364
14.2 Dealing with Dryness—Ectotherms in Deserts……Page 365
14.3 Coping with Cold—Ectotherms in Subzero Conditions……Page 371
14.4 The Role of Ectothermic Tetrapods in Terrestrial Ecosystems……Page 374
Discussion Questions……Page 377
Additional Information……Page 378
15 Geography and Ecology of the Mesozoic Era……Page 379
15.2 Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems……Page 380
15.3 Mesozoic Climates……Page 383
15.4 Mesozoic Extinctions……Page 384
Additional Information……Page 385
16.1 The Mesozoic Fauna……Page 386
16.3 Marine Lineages……Page 387
16.4 Semiaquatic and Terrestrial Diapsids: Crocodylomorpha……Page 394
16.5 The First Evolution of Flight: Pterosauria……Page 397
16.6 Dinosaurs……Page 399
16.7 Terrestrial Herbivores: Ornithischian and Sauropod Saurischian Dinosaurs……Page 403
16.8 Terrestrial Carnivores: Theropod Dinosaurs……Page 412
16.9 The Second Evolution of Flight: Birds……Page 416
Discussion Questions……Page 419
Additional Information……Page 420
17.1 Early Birds and Extant Birds……Page 422
17.2 The Structure of Birds……Page 425
17.3 Wings and Flight……Page 430
17.4 The Hindlimbs……Page 437
17.5 Feeding and Digestion……Page 440
17.6 Sensory Systems……Page 444
17.7 Social Behavior……Page 447
17.8 Mating Systems……Page 449
17.9 Oviparity……Page 450
17.10 Nests……Page 452
17.11 Orientation and Navigation……Page 455
17.12 Migration……Page 456
Summary……Page 459
Additional Information……Page 460
PART IV: Synapsida: The Mammals……Page 462
18.1 The Origin of Synapsids……Page 463
18.2 Diversity of Nonmammalian Synapsids……Page 465
18.3 Evolutionary Trends in Synapsids……Page 470
18.4 The First Mammals……Page 477
18.5 The Radiation of Mesozoic Mammals……Page 481
Summary……Page 483
Additional Information……Page 484
19 Geography and Ecology of the Cenozoic Era……Page 486
19.1 Cenozoic Continental Geography……Page 487
19.2 Cenozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems……Page 488
19.3 Cenozoic Climates……Page 490
19.4 Cenozoic Extinctions……Page 492
Additional Information……Page 493
20.1 Major Lineages of Mammals……Page 495
20.2 Mammalian Ordinal Diversity……Page 496
20.3 Features Shared by All Mammals……Page 503
20.4 Features That Differ Among Mammalian Groups……Page 515
20.5 Cenozoic Mammal Evolution……Page 518
Additional Information……Page 526
21.1 Mammalian Reproduction……Page 528
21.2 Some Extreme Placental Mammal Reproductive Specializations……Page 533
21.3 Are Placental Mammals Reproductively Superior to Marsupials?……Page 534
21.4 Specializations for Feeding……Page 535
21.5 Locomotor Specializations……Page 542
21.6 Evolution of Aquatic Mammals……Page 545
Discussion Questions……Page 550
Additional Information……Page 551
22.1 Endothermic Thermoregulation……Page 552
22.2 Endotherms in the Cold……Page 555
22.3 Avoiding Cold and Sharing Heat……Page 556
22.4 Facultative Heterothermy……Page 558
22.5 Migration to Avoid Cold……Page 562
22.6 Endotherms in the Heat……Page 564
Discussion Questions……Page 572
Additional Information……Page 573
23.1 Social Behavior……Page 574
23.2 Population Structure and the Distribution of Resources……Page 575
23.3 Advantages of Sociality……Page 579
23.4 Body Size, Diet, and the Structure of Social Systems……Page 580
23.5 Horns and Antlers……Page 585
23.6 Primate Societies……Page 588
Additional Information……Page 594
24.1 Primate Origins and Diversification……Page 596
24.2 Origin and Evolution of the Hominoidea……Page 605
24.3 Origin and Evolution of Humans……Page 609
24.4 Derived Hominins (the Genus Homo)……Page 615
24.5 Evolution of Human Characteristics……Page 620
24.6 How Many Species of Humans Were Contemporaneous?……Page 625
Discussion Questions……Page 626
Additional Information……Page 627
25 The Impact of Humans on Other Species of Vertebrates……Page 629
25.1 Humans and the Pleistocene Extinctions……Page 630
25.2 Humans and Recent Extinctions……Page 632
25.3 Global Climate Change and Vertebrates……Page 635
25.4 Organismal Biology and Conservation……Page 639
25.5 Captive Breeding……Page 643
25.6 The Paradoxes of Conservation……Page 646
Summary……Page 647
Additional Information……Page 648
Appendix……Page 650
A……Page 672
B……Page 673
C……Page 674
D……Page 675
E……Page 676
H……Page 677
I……Page 678
M……Page 679
P……Page 680
S……Page 682
V……Page 684
Z……Page 685
Credits……Page 686
A……Page 694
B……Page 696
C……Page 697
D……Page 700
E……Page 701
F……Page 703
H……Page 704
K……Page 706
L……Page 707
M……Page 708
O……Page 710
P……Page 711
R……Page 713
S……Page 714
T……Page 717
V……Page 719
Z……Page 720

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