David Myers, Christian Jordan, Steven Smith, Steven Spencer
Myers’ simple to get storytelling strategy is extremely praised and identified to successfully contain faculty college students.
It continues to suggest 4 utilized modules that spotlight the relevance of the content material to totally different excessive-curiosity fields: peacekeeping; the regulation; healthcare; the surroundings. Theories and findings given usually are not too esoteric however seize the essential ideas of the sector in a scientifically rigorous method. Social Psychology 7th Canadian Edition; (PDF) balances traditional findings with necessary present Canadian analysis. Canadian context is highlighted; and a powerful analysis focus supplied in an comprehensible and fascinating fashion.
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Table of contents
Table of contents :
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introducing Social Psychology
What Is Social Psychology?
How Much of Our Social World Is Just in Our Heads?
If You Were Ordered to Be Cruel, Would You Comply?
Would You Help Others? Or Help Yourself?
What Are the Major Themes of Social Psychology?
We Construct Our Social Reality
Our Social Intuitions Are Often Powerful but Sometimes Perilous
Social Influences Shape Our Behaviour
Personal Attitudes and Dispositions Also Shape Behaviour
Social Behaviour Is Biologically Rooted
Relating to Others Is a Basic Need
Social Psychology’s Principles Are Applicable in Everyday Life
How Do Values Affect Social Psychology?
Obvious Ways in Which Values Enter Social Psychology
Not-So-Obvious Ways in Which Values Enter Social Psychology
Is Social Psychology Merely Common Sense?
Research Methods: How Do We Do Social Psychology?
Forming and Testing Hypotheses
Correlational Research: Detecting Natural Associations
Experimental Research: Searching for Cause and Effect
Generalizing from Laboratory to Life
PART ONE: Social Thinking
Chapter 2 The Self in a Social World
Spotlights and Illusions: What Do They Teach Us About Ourselves?
Self-Concept: Who Am I?
At the Centre of Our Worlds: Our Sense of Self
Self and Culture
What Is the Nature and Motivating Power of Self-Esteem?
The Trade-off of Low vs. High Self-Esteem
What Is Self-Serving Bias?
Explaining Positive and Negative Events
Can We All Be Better Than Average?
False Consensus and Uniqueness
Explaining Self-Serving Bias
How Do People Manage Their Self-Presentation?
What Does It Mean to Have Perceived Self-Control?
Learned Helplessness versus Self-Determination
Chapter 3 Social Beliefs and Judgments
How Do We Judge Our Social Worlds, Consciously and Unconsciously?
Heuristics: Mental Shortcuts
Mood and Judgment
How Do We Perceive Our Social Worlds?
Perceiving and Interpreting Events
Constructing Memories of Ourselves and Our Worlds
How Do We Explain Our Social Worlds?
Attributing Causality: To the Person or the Situation?
The Fundamental Attribution Error
Why Do We Make the Attribution Error?
Why Do We Study Attribution Errors?
How Do Our Social Beliefs Matter?
Teacher Expectations and Student Performance
Getting from Others What We Expect
What Can We Conclude from Research on Social Beliefs and Judgments?
Chapter 4 Behaviour and Attitudes
How Well Do Our Attitudes Predict Our Behaviours?
Are We All Hypocrites?
When Attitudes Predict Behaviour
When Does Our Behaviour Affect Our Attitudes?
When Saying Becomes Believing
The Foot-in-the-Door Phenomenon
Immoral and Moral Acts
Why Does Our Behaviour Affect Our Attitudes?
Self-Presentation: Impression Management
Self-Justification: Cognitive Dissonance
Comparing the Theories
PART TWO: Social Influence
Chapter 5 Persuasion
What Paths Lead to Persuasion?
The Central Route and the Peripheral Route
Different Routes for Different Purposes
What Are the Elements of Persuasion?
Who Says? The Communicator
What Is Said? The Message Content
How Is It Said? The Channel of Communication
To Whom Is It Said? The Audience
Extreme Persuasion: How Do Cults Indoctrinate?
Group Indoctrination Tactics
Attitudes Follow Behaviour
How Can Persuasion Be Resisted?
Strengthening Personal Commitment
Implications of Attitude Inoculation
Chapter 6 Conformity
What Is Conformity?
What Are the Classic Conformity and Obedience Studies?
Sherif’s Studies of Norm Formation
Asch’s Studies of Group Pressure
Milgram’s Obedience Studies
What Breeds Obedience?
Reflections on the Classic Studies
What Predicts Conformity?
No Prior Commitment
Do We Ever Want To Be Different?
Chapter 7 Group Influence
What Is a Group?
Social Facilitation: How Are We Affected by the Presence of Others?
The Mere Presence of Others
Crowding: The Presence of Many Others
Why Are We Aroused in the Presence of Others?
Social Loafing: Do Individuals Exert Less Effort in a Group?
Many Hands Make Light Work
Social Loafing in Everyday Life
Deindividuation: When Do People Lose Their Sense of Self in Groups?
Doing Together What We Would Not Do Alone
Group Polarization: Do Groups Intensify Our Opinions?
The Case of the “Risky Shift”
Impact of Group Discussion on Individuals’ Opinions
Groupthink: Do Groups Hinder or Assist Good Decisions?
Symptoms of Groupthink
Leadership: How Do Leaders Shape the Group’s Actions?
Task Leadership and Social Leadership
The Influence of the Minority: How Do Individuals Influence the Group?
Defections from the Majority
PART THREE: Social Relations
Chapter 8 Altruism: Helping Others
Why Do We Help?
Comparing and Evaluating Theories of Altruism
When Will We Help?
Number of Bystanders
Helping When Someone Else Does
Similarity to the Victim
How Can We Increase Helping?
Reduce Ambiguity, Increase Responsibility
Guilt and Concern for Self-Image
Socializing Prosocial Behaviour
Postscript: The Kitty Genovese Case Revisited
What To Do When You Need Help
Chapter 9 Aggression: Hurting Others
What Is Aggression?
What Are Some Theories of Aggression?
Aggression as a Biological Phenomenon
Aggression as a Response to Frustration
Aggression as Learned Social Behaviour
What Are Some Influences on Aggression?
Media Influences: Pornography and Sexual Violence
Media Influences: Television and the Internet
Another Media Influence: Video Games
How Can Aggression Be Reduced?
A Social Learning Approach
Culture Change and World Violence
Chapter 10 Attraction and Intimacy: Liking and Loving Others
What Leads to Friendship and Attraction?
Similarity versus Complementarity
Liking Those Who Like Us
What Is Love?
What Enables Close Relationships?
How Do Relationships End?
The Detachment Process
Chapter 11 Sources of Prejudice
What Is Prejudice?
Prejudice: Implicit and Explicit
What Are the Social Sources of Prejudice?
Social Inequalities: Justifying the Status Quo
What Are the Motivational Sources of Prejudice?
Frustration and Aggression: The Scapegoat Theory
Social Identity Theory: Feeling Superior to Others
Motivation to Avoid Prejudice
What Are the Cognitive Sources of Prejudice?
Categorization: Classifying People into Groups
Distinctiveness: Perceiving People Who Stand Out
Attributions: Is It a Just World?
Motivation to See the World as Just
Chapter 12 Consequences of Prejudice
What Are the Consequences of Racial and Gender-Based Prejudice?
Can Prejudice Create Its Own Reality?
Discrimination’s Impact: The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Do Stereotypes Bias Judgments of Individuals?
How Do People React to Facing Prejudice and Stereotyping?
Perception of Discrimination
Can We Overcome Prejudice?
By Reconciling Group and Superordinate Identities
MODULES: Social Psychology Applied
Module A: Social Psychology in Conflict and Peacemaking
What Creates Conflict?
How Can Peace Be Achieved?
Module B: Social Psychology in the Clinic
What Influences the Accuracy of Clinical Judgments?
Hindsight and Overconfidence
Clinical Intuition Versus Statistical Prediction
Implications for Better Clinical Practice
What Cognitive Processes Accompany Behaviour Problems?
Anxiety and Shyness
What Is Health Psychology and the Psychology of Illness?
Reactions to Illness
Emotions and Illness
How Do Social Relationships Support Health and Well-Being?
Close Relationships and Health
Close Relationships and Happiness
Module C: Social Psychology in Court
How Reliable Is Eyewitness Testimony?
How Persuasive Is Eyewitness Testimony?
When Eyes Deceive
The Misinformation Effect
What Influences a Jury?
Physical Attractiveness of the Defendant
The Judge’s Instructions
The Story of the Trial
Increasing Jurors’ Understanding
Group Influences in Juries
From Lab to Life: Simulated and Real Juries
Module D: Social Psychology and the Sustainable Future
How Can Humanity Create a Sustainable Future?
Psychology and Climate Change
Does Money Buy Happiness?
Wealth and Well-Being
Materialism Fails to Satisfy
Toward Sustainability and Survival