The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning about Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims (6th Edition)

Download The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning about Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims (6th Edition) written by Lewis Vaughn in PDF format. This book is under the category Education and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 019085271; 019085281X/9780190852719/ 9780190852818. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

$19.99

SKU: a76da37101df Category: Tags: ,

Specifications

book-author

Lewis Vaughn

publisher

Oxford University Press; 6th Edition

file-type

PDF

pages

600 pages

language

English

isbn10

019085271; 019085281X

isbn13

9780190852719/ 9780190852818


Book Description

The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning About Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims, 6th Edition (PDF) offers the widest variety of tools possible to demonstrate to college students how the application of critical thinking can be seen in their own lives and in the world around them. It investigates the fundamentals of critical reasoning, logic, argumentation, and the composition of argumentative essays, in addition to covering important topics that the vast majority of other textbooks omit, such as scientific reasoning, “inference to the best explanation,” visual reasoning, evidence, and authority, as well as the challenges that come with practicing critical thinking.

Reviews

“One of the most readable of all critical thinking textbooks is Vaughn’s work. It is geared toward first-year college students, including those who may not be academically ready for the rigors of college-level work. The integrated exercises, self-assessment questions, and quizzes are some of the most valuable aspects of this ebook. Bergen Community College; Tobyn DeMarco

“You won’t find a better ebook on critical thinking than this one! It is very possible that I will use it for classes to come. It is well written; relevant; and entertaining for students; and it has a lot of good exercises; including real-world applications. In addition, it has a lot of good exercises, including real-world applications. In addition, the price is far lower than that of comparable textbooks, without any reduction in the quality of the material. — Ken Hochstetter and the College of Southern Nevada

The book “The Power of Critical Thinking” is an excellent choice for a classroom material. Its many real-world applications, such as the relationship between ESP and expectancy, as well as the fact that it repeats crucial ideas, are among its strengths. This textbook presents an introduction to all aspects of human reasoning in a manner that is both understandable and insightful. College students will maintain their interest thanks to the entertaining information boxes. Grossmont College; June Yang

Please be aware that this deal only contains the PDF version of Vaughn’s booklet The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning About Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims, 6th Edition. There are no access codes provided.

Table of contents


Table of contents :
Cover
The Power of Critical Thinking
Dedication
BRIEF CONTENTS
CONTENTS
PREFACE
PART ONE: BASICS
CHAPTER 1: The Power of Critical Thinking
Why It Matters
How It Works
Claims and Reasons
Reasons and Arguments
Arguments in the Rough
KEY WORDS
Summary
EXERCISES
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Writing Assignments
CHAPTER 2: Obstacles to Critical Thinking
Psychological Obstacles
The Almighty Self
The Power of the Group
Philosophical Obstacles
Subjective Relativism
Social Relativism
Skepticism
KEY WORDS
Summary
EXERCISES
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
CHAPTER 3: Making Sense of Arguments
Argument Basics
Judging Arguments
Finding Missing Parts
Argument Patterns
Diagramming Arguments
Assessing Long Arguments
KEY WORDS
Summary
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
PART TWO: REASONS
CHAPTER 4: Reasons for Belief and Doubt
When Claims Conflict
Experts and Evidence
Personal Experience
Impairment
Expectation
Innumeracy and Probability
Fooling Ourselves
Resisting Contrary Evidence
Looking for Confirming Evidence
Preferring Available Evidence
Evaluating Sources: The Internet and Beyond
Fake News
Advertising and Persuasion
Identification
Slogans
Misleading Comparisons
Weasel Words
KEY WORDS
Summary
EXERCISES
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
CHAPTER 5: Fallacies and Persuaders
Fallacies: Irrelevant Premises
Genetic Fallacy
Composition
Division
Appeal to the Person
Equivocation
Appeal to Popularity
Appeal to Tradition
Appeal to Ignorance
Appeal to Emotion
Red Herring
Straw Man
Two Wrongs Make a Right
Fallacies: Unacceptable Premises
Begging the Question
False Dilemma
Decision-Point Fallacy
Slippery Slope
Hasty Generalization
Faulty Analogy
Persuaders: Rhetorical Moves
Innuendo
Euphemisms and Dysphemisms
Stereotyping
Ridicule
Rhetorical Definitions
KEY WORDS
Summary
EXERCISES
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
PART THREE: ARGUMENTS
CHAPTER 6: Deductive Reasoning: Propositional Logic
Connectives and Truth Values
Conjunction
Disjunction
Negation
Conditional
Checking for Validity
Simple Arguments
Tricky Arguments
Streamlined Evaluation
Proof of Validity
Rules of Inference
Rules of Replacement
KEY WORDS
Summary
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
CHAPTER 7: Deductive Reasoning: Categorical Logic
Statements and Classes
Translations and Standard Form
Terms
Quantifiers
Diagramming Categorical Statements
Sizing Up Categorical Syllogisms
The Square of Opposition
Categorical Equivalence
KEY WORDS
Summary
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
CHAPTER 8: Inductive Reasoning
Enumerative Induction
Sample Size
Representativeness
Opinion Polls
Analogical Induction
Causal Arguments
Testing for Causes
Causal Confusions
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
KEY WORDS
Summary
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
PART FOUR: EXPLANATIONS
CHAPTER 9: Inference to the Best Explanation
Explanations and Inference
Theories and Consistency
Theories and Criteria
Testability
Fruitfulness
Scope
Simplicity
Conservatism
Telling Good Theories from Bad
A Doomed Flight
An Amazing Cure
KEY WORDS
Summary
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
CHAPTER 10: Judging Scientific Theories
Science and Not Science
The Scientific Method
Testing Scientific Theories
Judging Scientific Theories
Copernicus Versus Ptolemy
Evolution Versus Creationism
Science and Weird Theories
Making Weird Mistakes
Leaping to the Weirdest Theory
Mixing What Seems with What Is
Misunderstanding the Possibilities
Judging Weird Theories
Crop Circles
Talking with the Dead
Summary
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
CHAPTER 11: Critical Thinking in Morality and the Law
Moral Arguments
Moral Premises
Moral Theories
Evaluating Moral Theories
Two Important Theories
Legal Reasoning
A Coherent Worldview
KEY WORDS
Summary
EXERCISES
Field Problems
Self-Assessment Quiz
Integrative Exercises
Writing Assignments
APPENDIX A: The Truth About Philosophy Majors
Appendix B: Essays for Evaluation
Essay 1 Death Penalty Discriminates Against Black Crime Victims
Essay 2 Marine Parks
Essay 3 A Feminist Defense of Pornography
Essay 4 A Defense of Homosexuality
Essay 5 More Innocents Die When We Don’t Have Capital Punishment
Essay 6 What’s Wrong with Adultery?
Essay 7 A Pat-Down Is Better Than a Blow-Up
Essay 8 The Cohabitation Epidemic
Essay 9 Not Being Vaccinated Is Not Acceptable
Essay 10 Women and the Afghanistan Peace Process
Essay 11 A Deviance from God’s Norm
Essay 12 Marriage Still Evolving, as Ever
Essay 13 Slouching Toward Chimeras
Essay 14 Fighting Islamic Extremists Who Stifle Free Speech
Essay 15 Is Sluttishness a Feminist Statement?
Essay 16 Torture: Time for Congress to End the Debate
Essay 17 Torture: Severe Interrogations Work
Essay 18 Freedom of Expression: Protect Student Speech—Even “Unwise” Bong Banner
Essay 19 Freedom of Expression: Policy Reflects Common Sense
Essay 20 It’s Irresponsible to Spread Fear of Vaccine
Essay 21 Flag Amendment: Flag Needs Protection
Appendix C: Answers to Exercises
Appendix D: Answers to Self-Assessment Quizzes
Appendix E: Critical Thinking and Writing
NOTES
GLOSSARY
CREDITS
INDEX

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