Bruce A. Arrigo
SAGE Publications; Inc; 1st edition
Surveillance of citizens by their respective governments has been going on for many centuries, despite the fact that it came to widespread public attention following revelations made by Edward Snowden regarding the National Security Agency’s (NSA) tracking of phone calls made all over the world. Only now, with the development of modern technologies, has it dramatically expanded to the point that, nowadays, you can scarcely step out of your house without being recorded or observed in some form. This is because it is almost impossible to avoid being followed online. Think about business surveillance in addition to the national security and political spying that were revealed by the Snowden revelations. Each time you swipe your ID card to enter your office, the information is logged, not to mention all of your online activities. Or it may be economic surveillance, in which case everything you purchase with a credit card or online is logged, and your journey to the grocery store is filmed. If you go through a toll booth, the attendant will write down your license plate. Simply walking down a street will result in your photograph being taken again and over and over again. Where does it start and where does it finish?
The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security, and Privacy (PDF) reveals and explains how surveillance has become an integral part of how our contemporary society operates around the world and how it affects our security and privacy on all levels of social structure, from the political to the personal to the economic to the judicial. This book covers everything from the political to the personal to the economic to the judicial.
The following are important features:
- There were approximately 450 entries, all of which were signed by their respective authors.
- At the end of each article, additional readings and cross-references are provided for students to consult as they continue their investigation of a subject.
- Entries in a Reader’s Guide are often arranged in accordance with broad topical categories.
Please take note that this listing is only for the PDF version of The SAGE Encyclopedia of Surveillance, Security, and Privacy. There are no links to internet resources supplied.