Critical Thinking (12th Edition)

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Download Critical Thinking (12th Edition) written by Brooke Noel Moore, Richard Parker in PDF format. This book is under the category Psychology and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 1259690873; 1259845796; 1260622770/9781259690877/ 9781259845796/ 9781260622577. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

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Specifications

book-author

Brooke Noel Moore, Richard Parker

publisher

McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 12th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

Pages

language

English

asin

B01LX2MSDF

isbn10

1259690873; 1259845796; 1260622770

isbn13

9781259690877/ 9781259845796/ 9781260622577


Book Description

The first built-in program designed explicitly for the vital considering course

 Moore & Parker’s Critical Thinking; 12th Edition; (PDF) teaches faculty college students the talents they require as a way to assume for themselves—expertise they may name upon on this program in different faculty programs and on this planet that awaits.

The authors’ sensible and accessible strategy reveals core ideas with concrete actual-world instances intensive apply workout routines and a considerate set of pedagogical options. The Connect course for this textbook contains SmartBook an adaptive studying and examine expertise which guides college students to grasp recall and implement key ideas whereas providing mechanically-graded assessments. McGraw-Hill Connect® is a subscription-based mostly studying service accessible on-line via your tablets or private pc. Select this selection in case your instructor would require Connect for use within the course. Your subscription to Connect accommodates the next:• SmartBook® – an adaptive digital model of the course textbook that modifies your studying expertise based mostly on how nicely you might be studying the content material.• Entry to your instructor’s homework assignments quizzes syllabus notes reminders and different essential recordsdata for the course.• Progress dashboards that shortly present how you might be performing in your assignments and suggestions for enchancment.

P.S. Contact us if you need Moore and Parkers Critical Thinking 12e testbank; or another instructor assets.

NOTE: The product solely contains the ebook; Critical Thinking; twelfth Edition in PDF. No access codes are included.

Additional information

book-author

Brooke Noel Moore, Richard Parker

publisher

McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 12th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

Pages

language

English

asin

B01LX2MSDF

isbn10

1259690873; 1259845796; 1260622770

isbn13

9781259690877/ 9781259845796/ 9781260622577

Table of contents


Table of contents :
Cover……Page 2
Title Page……Page 3
Copyright……Page 4
Brief Contents……Page 6
Contents……Page 7
Connect……Page 16
Critical Thinking……Page 18
Changes to the 12th edition……Page 21
Acknowledgments……Page 24
A Note to Our Colleagues……Page 28
About the Authors……Page 29
Dedication……Page 31
Work of Nonfiction……Page 32
Chapter 1 Don’t Believe Everything You Think……Page 33
Beliefs and Claims……Page 37
Objective Claims and Subjective Claims……Page 38
Fact and Opinion……Page 39
Issues……Page 40
Arguments……Page 42
Cognitive Biases……Page 52
What Critical Thinking Can and Can’t Do……Page 59
Recap……Page 60
Additional Exercises……Page 62
Arguments: General Features……Page 74
Conclusions Used as Premises……Page 75
Unstated Premises and Conclusions……Page 76
Deductive Arguments……Page 77
Inductive Arguments……Page 78
Telling the Difference Between Deductive and Inductive Arguments……Page 80
Deduction, Induction, and Unstated Premises……Page 82
Balance of Considerations……Page 84
Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE)……Page 85
Pictures……Page 86
Lists of Facts……Page 87
Ethos, Pathos, and Logos……Page 88
Clarifying an Argument’s Structure……Page 96
Distinguishing Arguments from Window Dressing……Page 99
Recap……Page 100
Additional Exercises……Page 101
Chapter 3 Clear Thinking, Critical Thinking, and Clear Writing……Page 116
Vagueness……Page 118
Ambiguity……Page 121
Grouping Ambiguity……Page 122
Syntactic Ambiguity……Page 123
Generality……Page 125
Defining Terms……Page 132
Purposes of Definitions……Page 133
Tips on Definitions……Page 134
Writing Argumentative Essays……Page 137
Essay Types to Avoid……Page 139
Writing in a Diverse Society……Page 141
Recap……Page 143
Additional Exercises……Page 144
Chapter 4 Credibility……Page 155
The Claim and Its Source……Page 158
Does the Claim Conflict with Our Personal Observations?……Page 159
Does the Claim Conflict with Our Background Information?……Page 162
Interested Parties……Page 167
Physical and Other Characteristics……Page 168
Expertise……Page 171
Consolidation of Media Ownership……Page 176
Government Management of the News……Page 177
Bias Within the Media……Page 179
The Internet, Generally……Page 183
Blogs……Page 188
Three Kinds of Ads……Page 189
Recap……Page 193
Additional Exercises……Page 194
Chapter 5 Rhetoric, the Art of Persuasion……Page 209
Rhetorical Force……Page 210
Euphemisms and Dysphemisms……Page 211
Weaselers……Page 212
Downplayers……Page 214
Stereotypes……Page 216
Innuendo……Page 218
Loaded Questions……Page 220
Ridicule/Sarcasm……Page 222
Hyperbole……Page 223
Rhetorical Definitions and Rhetorical Explanations……Page 224
Rhetorical Analogies and Misleading Comparisons……Page 225
Proof Surrogates……Page 231
Repetition……Page 232
Persuasion Through Visual Imagery……Page 236
The Extreme Rhetoric of Demagoguery……Page 238
Recap……Page 242
Additional Exercises……Page 243
Chapter 6 Relevance (Red Herring) Fallacies……Page 266
Argumentum Ad Hominem……Page 267
Guilt by Association……Page 269
Straw Man……Page 270
False Dilemma (Ignoring Other Alternatives)……Page 271
The Perfectionist Fallacy……Page 272
The Line-Drawing Fallacy……Page 273
Misplacing the Burden of Proof……Page 275
Begging the Question (Assuming What You are Trying to Prove)……Page 276
Scare Tactics……Page 278
Appeal to Pity……Page 280
Other Appeals to Emotion……Page 281
Irrelevant Conclusion……Page 282
Recap……Page 284
Exercises……Page 285
Chapter 7 Induction Fallacies……Page 294
Generalizing from Too Few Cases (Hasty Generalization)……Page 295
Generalizing from Exceptional Cases……Page 298
Accident……Page 300
Weak Analogy……Page 301
Mistaken Appeal to Authority……Page 302
Mistaken Appeal to Popularity (Mistaken Appeal to Common Belief)……Page 303
Mistaken Appeal to Common Practice……Page 304
Bandwagon Fallacy……Page 305
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc……Page 307
Cum Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc……Page 312
Slippery Slope……Page 314
Untestable Explanation……Page 315
Recap……Page 316
Exercises……Page 317
Three Formal Fallacies: Affirming the Consequent, Denying the Antecedent, and Undistributed Middle……Page 327
Affirming the Consequent……Page 328
The Undistributed Middle……Page 329
The Fallacies of Equivocation and Amphiboly……Page 332
The Fallacies of Composition and Division……Page 334
Confusing Explanations with Excuses……Page 336
Confusing Contraries and Contradictories……Page 338
Consistency and Inconsistency……Page 340
Incorrectly Combining the Probability of Independent Events……Page 341
Gambler’s Fallacy……Page 342
Faulty Inductive Conversion……Page 343
Recap……Page 345
Additional Exercises……Page 347
Chapter 9 Deductive Arguments I: Categorical Logic……Page 356
Categorical Claims……Page 359
Venn Diagrams……Page 360
Translating Claims in Which the Word “Only” or the Phrase “The Only” Occurs……Page 362
Translating Claims About Times and Places……Page 363
Translating Claims About Specific Individuals……Page 366
Translating Claims that Use Mass Nouns……Page 367
Existential Assumption and the Square of Opposition……Page 370
Inferences Across the Square……Page 371
Conversion……Page 372
Obversion……Page 373
Contraposition……Page 374
Categorical Syllogisms……Page 383
The Venn Diagram Method of Testing for Validity……Page 385
Categorical Syllogisms with Unstated Premises……Page 389
Real-Life Syllogisms……Page 391
The Rules Method of Testing for Validity……Page 395
Additional Exercises……Page 398
Chapter 10 Deductive Arguments II: Truth-Functional Logic……Page 412
Truth Tables……Page 413
“If” and “Only If”……Page 421
Necessary and Sufficient Conditions……Page 423
“Either . . . Or”……Page 425
Three Common Valid Argument Patterns……Page 429
Three Mistakes: Invalid Argument Forms……Page 434
Truth-Functional Arguments (Full Version)……Page 437
The Truth-Table Method……Page 438
The Short Truth-Table Method……Page 441
Group I Rules: Elementary Valid Argument Patterns……Page 447
Group II Rules: Truth-Functional Equivalences……Page 453
Conditional Proof……Page 461
Additional Exercises……Page 465
Chapter 11 Inductive Reasoning……Page 474
Argument from Analogy……Page 475
Evaluation of Arguments from Analogy……Page 476
Three Arguments from Analogy……Page 478
Other Uses of Analogy……Page 479
Generalizing from a Sample……Page 486
Three Arguments That Generalize from a Sample……Page 488
Scientific Generalizing from a Sample……Page 490
The Statistical Syllogism……Page 492
Causal Statements And Their Support……Page 501
Forming Causal Hypotheses……Page 502
Weighing Evidence……Page 505
Confirming Causal Hypotheses……Page 519
Joint Occurrence of Independent Events……Page 526
Expectation Value……Page 527
Calculating Conditional Probabilities……Page 529
Causation in the Law……Page 530
Recap……Page 531
Additional Exercises……Page 533
Chapter 12 Moral, Legal, and Aesthetic Reasoning……Page 544
Value Judgments……Page 545
Two Principles of Moral Reasoning……Page 547
Deriving Specific Moral Value Judgments……Page 549
Consequentialism……Page 553
Duty Theory/Deontologism……Page 555
Moral Relativism……Page 557
Virtue Ethics……Page 560
Moral Deliberation……Page 564
Legal Reasoning……Page 571
Justifying Laws: Four Perspectives……Page 572
Aesthetic Reasoning……Page 576
Eight Aesthetic Principles……Page 577
Using Aesthetic Principles to Judge Aesthetic Value……Page 581
Evaluating Aesthetic Criticism: Relevance and Truth……Page 582
Why Reason Aesthetically?……Page 584
Recap……Page 587
Additional Exercises……Page 589
Appendix: Exercises from Previous Editions……Page 593
Glossary……Page 687
Answers, Suggestions, and Tips for Triangle Exercises……Page 626
Credits……Page 684
Remark Notes……Page 706
Index……Page 713

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