Criminal Investigation (12th Edition)

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Download Criminal Investigation (12th Edition) written by Charles Swanson,Neil Chamelin, Leonard Territo, Robert W. Taylor in PDF format. This book is under the category Law and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 0078026571; 1259868001; 1259867943/9780078026577/ 9781259868009/ 9781259867941. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

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Specifications

book-author

Charles Swanson,Neil Chamelin, Leonard Territo, Robert W. Taylor

publisher

McGraw-Hill Higher Education

file-type

PDF

pages

800 pages

language

English

asin

B079YYJC16

isbn10

0078026571; 1259868001; 1259867943

isbn13

9780078026577/ 9781259868009/ 9781259867941


Book Description

This latest new edition of Swanson’s Criminal Investigation 12e (PDF) is widely recognized as the most accurate and comprehensive textbook in the field. This step-by-step; practical introduction to criminal investigation gives college students a logical framework for understanding the investigative process. Major sections cover current issues such as environmental crime; videotaping of crime scenes; the looting of archaeological sites; street gangs; and drugs. Case studies throughout the textbook emphasize the applied technique of criminal investigation. Charts; graphs and compelling photographs found throughout the ebook depict the practical aspects of the investigation and help to clarify any difficult scientific concepts.

Swanson’s Criminal Investigation; 12th edition; is a comprehensive tool for students who are planning to work in law enforcement or a related field. Opening with a discussion of the evolution of criminal investigation and the importance of forensic science; this ebook fully explores the investigative process; the types of crimes; and the trial process.

Criminal Investigation 12e differs from other textbooks on the subject in several highly important ways:

  • Includes crime-prevention sections that help crime scene investigators work with victims to avoid further loss.
  • Recognizes the uniformed officer’s role in and contribution to the ultimate success of an investigation; separate from the role of the detective.
  • Presents criminal investigation as a science; rather than as an art; giving full importance to precision and rigorous methodology; setting it apart from and above other textbooks on the subject.
  • Places techniques into context by discussing typologies in-depth; including offenders; offenses; and victims; enabling readers to take away a more comprehensive understanding of criminal investigation; while providing access to substantial reference information.

The authors Charles R. Swanson; Leonard Territo; Neil C. Chamelin; and Robert W. Taylor bring their vast range of experiences to the topic. Collectively; they have worked in municipal police departments and a sheriff’s office; been consultants to state; local; federal; and foreign police agencies; taught in police academies; held faculty appointments in criminal justice departments; and served as expert witnesses. The authors have written many articles and books and have presented papers at national conferences. Criminal Investigation reflects what they have learned from their practical experiences; supplemented by the relevant research.

New to This Twelfth Edition:

  • Quick Fact boxes benefit students throughout the entire ebook.
  • Every chapter has been updated with the most current information.
  • A boxed feature highlights a new topic “Thinking Outside the Forensic Entomology.”
  • Feature numbered boxes are included in most chapters to aid students and provide context.
  • A host of new figures; photographs; and tables have been added to reinforce and expand the text coverage.

P.S We also have Criminal Investigation 12e testbank and other instructor resources for sale.

NOTE: This only includes the ebook Criminal Investigation; 12th edition in PDF. No online access codes come with the sale.

Additional information

book-author

Charles Swanson,Neil Chamelin, Leonard Territo, Robert W. Taylor

publisher

McGraw-Hill Higher Education

file-type

PDF

pages

800 pages

language

English

asin

B079YYJC16

isbn10

0078026571; 1259868001; 1259867943

isbn13

9780078026577/ 9781259868009/ 9781259867941

Table of contents


Table of contents :
Cover……Page 1
Title……Page 2
Copyright……Page 3
About the Authors……Page 4
Brief Contents……Page 6
Contents……Page 7
Preface……Page 18
1 The Evolution of Criminal Investigation and Forensic Science……Page 28
Criminal Investigation and Forensic Science……Page 29
The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829……Page 30
American Initiatives……Page 31
Pinkerton’s National Detective Agency……Page 32
The Emergence of Municipal Detectives……Page 34
Federal and State Developments……Page 35
The Police and the U. S. Supreme Court……Page 36
Three Historical Biometric Methods of Personal Identification……Page 37
DNA……Page 41
Firearms Identification……Page 42
Touch DNA at 20……Page 43
The New Biometrics……Page 44
Microbial Communities……Page 45
Key Terms……Page 46
Internet Activities……Page 47
2 Legal Aspects of Investigation……Page 48
The Bill of Rights and the States……Page 49
Evolution of the Fourteenth Amendment……Page 51
Ingredients of Arrest……Page 52
Arrest Distinguished from Detention……Page 53
The Arrest Warrant……Page 54
Probable Cause……Page 56
Search and Seizure……Page 57
Search with a Warrant……Page 58
Search Incident to Arrest……Page 60
Search of a Motor Vehicle……Page 61
Emergency (Exigent Circumstances)……Page 64
Plain View Seizures……Page 65
Stop and Frisk……Page 66
Review Questions……Page 67
Internet Activities……Page 68
3 Investigators, the Investigative Process, and the Crime Scene……Page 69
The Investigator and the Importance of Investigation……Page 70
Organization of the Investigative Process……Page 71
The Preliminary Investigation Mindset of Officers Assigned Calls……Page 72
1. Receipt of Information, Initial Response, and Officer Safety Procedures……Page 73
2. Emergency Care……Page 76
3. Secure Scene and Control Persons and Evidence……Page 77
4. Issue a Be-on-the-Lookout……Page 78
5. Conduct Neighborhood and Vehicle Canvass……Page 81
Types of Crime Scenes……Page 84
Organization of the Crime Scene Investigation……Page 86
Overall Coordination……Page 87
Forensic Services……Page 88
Investigative Services……Page 93
Maintain Control……Page 94
Examples of Impermissible Releases……Page 95
Conceptualize Events……Page 96
Maintain Documentation……Page 98
Infectious Disease Risks and Precautions for Investigators……Page 99
Hepatitis A, B, and C……Page 103
2. Choice of Search Patterns……Page 106
3. Instruction of Personnel……Page 107
Collection and Care of Evidence……Page 108
Digital Still Photography……Page 109
Digital Videography……Page 110
Types of Sketching and Methods of Forensic Mapping……Page 111
FBI Forensic Services: Case Acceptance Policy……Page 117
Investigative Success……Page 118
Internet Activities……Page 119
4 Physical Evidence……Page 120
Class versus Individual Characteristics……Page 121
Comparison Samples……Page 122
Locating and Handling Soil Evidence……Page 123
Impression Evidence: Footwear and Tires……Page 124
Preserving Three-Dimensional Impressions……Page 125
Casting in Snow with Dental Stone……Page 127
Paint……Page 128
Glass……Page 130
Fibers, Cloth Fragments, and Impressions……Page 132
Fingerprints……Page 134
Basis For Identification……Page 135
Plastic, Latent, and Patent Fingerprints……Page 136
Conditions Affecting the Quality of Latent Fingerprints……Page 137
DNA Swabbing and Developing Latent Fingerprints On Bodies……Page 139
Collecting and Preserving Latent Prints……Page 140
Forensic Odontology……Page 141
Bite Marks……Page 142
Hair……Page 144
Blood……Page 145
The Appearance of Bloodstains……Page 146
Locating Blood Evidence……Page 147
Firearms……Page 150
Laboratory Determinations……Page 151
Collecting Firearm Evidence……Page 154
Tool Marks……Page 155
Questioned Documents……Page 156
Handwriting Samples and Examinations……Page 157
Key Terms……Page 159
Internet Activities……Page 160
5 Interviewing and Interrogation……Page 161
The Similarities and Differences Between Interviews and Interrogations……Page 162
Objectives of Interviewing……Page 163
Time, Place, and Setting of Interviews and Interrogation……Page 164
The Interrogation Room……Page 166
The Suspect……Page 167
Interviewing People with Disabilities……Page 168
Interviewing Individuals with Mobility Impairments……Page 169
The Reliability of Eyewitness Identification……Page 170
Response Strategies for Addressing Witness Intimidation……Page 172
Documenting Interrogations……Page 173
The Use of Electronic Recordings for Interrogations……Page 174
The Written Statement……Page 175
Why People Confess……Page 176
Coerced–Compliant False Confessions……Page 177
The Free-and-Voluntary Rule……Page 178
Miranda v. Arizona……Page 179
Suspect’s Response: Waiver and Alternatives……Page 180
In-Custody Interrogation……Page 182
Recent U.S. Supreme Court Decisions on the Right to Remain Silent……Page 183
Salinas v. Texas……Page 184
Defining Signs of Comfort……Page 185
Signs of Discomfort in an Interaction……Page 186
Pacifying Behaviors……Page 187
Specific Behaviors to Consider in Detecting Deception……Page 188
Polygraph……Page 190
Key Terms……Page 191
Internet Activities……Page 192
6 Field Notes and Reporting……Page 193
The Importance of Field Notes……Page 194
Guidelines for Note-Taking……Page 197
Body-Worn Cameras……Page 199
Audio Recorders……Page 200
Incident Reports……Page 202
Generating Reports……Page 203
Common Elements of Incident Reports……Page 204
The Narrative……Page 208
Supervisory Review of Incident Reports……Page 211
Key Terms……Page 212
Internet Activities……Page 213
7 The Follow-Up Investigation and Investigative Resources……Page 214
The Decision to Initiate a Follow-Up Investigation……Page 215
The Follow-Up Investigation Process……Page 216
Reviewing the Incident and Supplemental Reports……Page 218
Field Contacts and Interviews……Page 219
Leads……Page 221
National……Page 222
Regional Information Sharing Systems (RISS)……Page 224
Nonprofit and Private Sources……Page 225
Informants……Page 226
Planning for Surveillance……Page 227
The Show-up……Page 228
Choosing Between the Photo Array and a Live Lineup……Page 229
Photo Array Lineups: Step by Step……Page 230
Live Lineups……Page 231
Staged Crime Scenes……Page 234
Cold Case Investigation……Page 235
Fusion Centers……Page 236
Intelligence Analysis and Crime Analysis……Page 237
The Intelligence/Analytical Cycle……Page 238
Crime Analysis……Page 239
Crime Scene Reconstruction……Page 240
Criminal Investigative Analysis……Page 243
Geographic Profiling……Page 244
Time-Event Charting and Link Analysis……Page 245
Key Terms……Page 247
Internet Activities……Page 248
8 The Crime Laboratory……Page 249
Introduction……Page 250
The Morgue……Page 251
Digital Crime Labs……Page 252
Measures of Crime Laboratory Effectiveness……Page 253
Proximity……Page 254
Admissibility of Examination Results……Page 256
DNA Analysis……Page 258
The Innocence Project……Page 262
National Integrated Ballistic Information Network Program……Page 266
ATF Forensic Science Laboratories……Page 267
The FBI Crime Laboratory……Page 269
Problems in Crime Laboratories……Page 271
Lack of Accreditation……Page 272
Sentencing Mistakes and Poor Training……Page 273
Scandals and Mistakes within the FBI Crime Lab: The Madrid Bombing Case……Page 274
Code of Ethics……Page 276
Review Questions……Page 277
Internet Activities……Page 278
9 Injury and Death Investigations……Page 279
Introduction……Page 280
Dead body Evidence Checklist……Page 281
Algor Mortis (Body Cooling)……Page 282
Rigor Mortis……Page 283
Decomposition……Page 284
Forensic Entomology……Page 286
Firearm Wounds……Page 289
Puncture Wounds……Page 294
Lacerations……Page 295
Strangulation Wounds……Page 296
Methods and Evidence of Suicide……Page 298
Degrees of Burning……Page 305
Signs of Trauma……Page 306
Examination of the Internal Body……Page 307
Spree Killings……Page 308
Mass Murders……Page 309
Myths and Misconceptions about Serial Killers……Page 310
Causality and the Serial Murderer……Page 312
ViCAP Crime Report……Page 313
Long Distance Drivers on Interstate Highways……Page 314
Internet Activities……Page 315
10 Sex-Related Offenses……Page 316
Sex-Related Investigations……Page 317
Victim-Centered and Trauma-Informed Response……Page 318
Type and Sequence of Sexual Acts during an Assault……Page 320
Transgender Victims of Sexual Assault……Page 322
Improving Police Response……Page 323
Nursing Homes……Page 324
Why Women Do Not Report Rape to the Police……Page 325
Instructions to the Victim……Page 328
Semen and Hair as Evidence……Page 329
Collection of the Victim’s Clothing……Page 330
The Role of the Investigator in Securing the Rape Scene……Page 331
Sexual-Battery Examination……Page 332
Exchangeable Traces……Page 333
Guidelines for Evidence Collection……Page 334
Electronic Evidence……Page 335
Drugs of Choice……Page 336
The Investigation……Page 338
Murders Involving Forced Anal Sex and/or Sodomy……Page 339
Autoerotic Deaths/Sexual Asphyxia……Page 340
Review Questions……Page 343
Internet Activities……Page 344
11 Crimes against Children……Page 345
Introduction……Page 346
Burn Injuries and Child Abuse……Page 347
Medical Classification of Burn Severity……Page 348
Causes of Burn Injuries……Page 349
Unexplained Child Fatalities……Page 351
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome……Page 352
Criminal Homicide as a Possibility……Page 353
“Coup-Contrecoup” Injuries……Page 354
Shaken-Baby Syndrome……Page 356
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy……Page 357
Investigative Guidelines……Page 358
Child Molestation……Page 359
Child Pornography……Page 367
Child Sex Tourism……Page 370
Use of The Computer and The Internet in Child Pornography……Page 371
Internet Crimes against Children……Page 372
Bullying and Cyberbullying……Page 374
Victimology of the Missing Child……Page 375
Abduction Patterns……Page 376
Amber Alert Plan……Page 377
Sex Offender Registration and Notification……Page 378
Threat Assessment……Page 379
Classification of Threats……Page 382
Investigating School Violence……Page 383
Review Questions……Page 385
Internet Activities……Page 386
12 Human Trafficking……Page 387
The Mann Act……Page 388
The Travel Act……Page 389
Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act 2005……Page 390
State Laws on Human Trafficking……Page 391
Nature and Scope of the Problem……Page 392
Running Away from Home……Page 393
Mental Health Symptoms……Page 394
The Stockholm Syndrome (Survival Identification Syndrome/Trauma Bonding)……Page 395
Recruitment and Pimp Control……Page 396
The Use of Pornography as a Means of Control……Page 397
The Differences Between Trafficking and Smuggling……Page 398
Methods of Transportation……Page 399
Factors Contributing to the Exploitation of Trafficked Women……Page 400
Indicators of Sex Trafficking Venues……Page 401
Suggested Interview Protocol for Sex-Trafficking Victims……Page 402
Reverse Stings……Page 403
The Use of Surveillance Cameras as a Deterrent to Soliciting Prostitution……Page 404
The Core Team Model……Page 405
Key Terms……Page 406
Internet Activities……Page 407
13 Robbery……Page 408
Taking……Page 409
Use of Force, Fear, or Threat of Force……Page 410
Overview: The Offense, the Victim, and the Offender……Page 411
Carjackings……Page 412
Smartphone Robberies……Page 413
Robbery at Automated Teller Machines……Page 414
Preventing and Reducing Robberies at Automated Teller Machines……Page 415
Robberies in Craigslist Sales……Page 416
Taxicab Robberies……Page 417
Convenience-Store Robberies……Page 418
Truck-Hijacking Robberies/Cargo Theft……Page 419
Bank Robbery……Page 420
Bank Robbery Prevention……Page 421
Responding to the Scene……Page 424
Situational Stereotyping……Page 425
Initial Investigation……Page 426
Generating a Likeness of a Suspect……Page 427
Key Terms……Page 428
Internet Activities……Page 429
14 Burglary……Page 430
Introduction……Page 431
The Offenses of Burglary and Possession of Burglary Tools……Page 434
Possession of Burglary Tools……Page 435
Burglary Motivations, Deterrents, and Perceived Risk of Apprehension……Page 437
Planning and Information……Page 438
Gender Differences……Page 439
Burglars and Burglaries……Page 440
The Traditional Typology: Professional and Amateur Burglars……Page 441
The Fox Team: Four Burglary Profiles……Page 443
Residential Burglary……Page 446
Non-Residential Burglaries……Page 449
Entries by Unknown Means and Lock Picking……Page 451
Safe Burglaries……Page 452
Approaching the Scene and Initial Actions……Page 454
Stolen Goods Markets……Page 455
Residential Crime Prevention……Page 458
Non-Residential Crime Prevention……Page 459
Internet Activities……Page 461
15 Larceny/Theft and White-Collar Crime……Page 462
Introduction……Page 463
Shoplifting……Page 464
Deterrents to Organized Retail Crime……Page 465
Categories of Shoplifters……Page 466
Retail Policies, Staffing, and Stock Control……Page 467
Bicycle Theft……Page 468
Techniques Employed by Perpetrators to Steal Bicycles……Page 469
Bicycle Theft Victims……Page 470
How Identity Theft Occurs……Page 471
Investigation of Identity Theft and Follow-On Cases……Page 473
Credit Card Fraud……Page 475
Employee Check-Based Crimes……Page 476
Vendor Fraud……Page 477
Insurance Fraud……Page 478
Health-Care and Medicare Fraud……Page 479
Home Improvement and Repair Frauds……Page 480
Internet Frauds and Scams……Page 481
Other Frauds: Pigeon Drop and Bank Examiners Cons……Page 483
Victims of Fraud: Senior Citizens……Page 484
Placement……Page 485
Security and Investment Frauds……Page 487
Ponzi/Pyramid Schemes……Page 488
One-Year Callable Certificates of Deposit……Page 489
Viatical Settlements……Page 491
Land Fraud……Page 492
Fees Charged for Normally Free Services……Page 493
Review Questions……Page 494
Internet Activities……Page 495
16 Vehicle Thefts and Related Offenses……Page 496
Introduction……Page 497
Types of Theft……Page 498
Methods of Operation—The Professional……Page 499
Fraudulent Theft Schemes……Page 501
Theft of Heavy Construction Equipment……Page 504
Investigative Tools and Techniques……Page 506
Major Investigative Resources……Page 507
AAMVA and NMVTIS……Page 509
Vehicle Identification……Page 511
Investigation of Vehicle Fires……Page 519
Auto Theft……Page 521
Heavy Equipment……Page 523
Fraud……Page 524
Odometer Fraud……Page 525
Marine Theft……Page 526
Hull Identification……Page 527
Preventive Measures……Page 528
Resources……Page 529
Theft Prevention Techniques……Page 530
Review Questions……Page 531
Internet Activities……Page 532
17 Cybercrime……Page 533
Cybercrime: An Overview……Page 534
The Evolution of Cybercrime:From Teenage Hackers andScript Kiddies To Sophisticated CriminalOrganizations, International Espionage, and Cyber Terrorism……Page 535
Offenders……Page 541
Computer Intrusions……Page 544
Mobile Devices……Page 549
Federal Efforts……Page 551
Consent Searches……Page 552
Crime Scene Processing……Page 555
Key Terms……Page 558
Review Questions……Page 559
18 Agricultural, Wildlife, and Environmental Crimes……Page 560
The Economic Impact of Agricultural, Wildlife, and Environmental Crimes……Page 561
Wildfire Investigations……Page 563
Arson/Incendiary……Page 564
Campfires……Page 565
Debris Burning……Page 566
Firearms……Page 567
Livestock and Tack Theft……Page 568
Cattle Rustling……Page 570
Horse Rustling……Page 571
Tack Theft……Page 572
Livestock Identification……Page 573
Agrichemical Theft……Page 574
Agroterrorism……Page 575
Terrorist Threats in the Past……Page 576
Biosecurity Measures and Prevention……Page 577
Major Threats to Wildlife……Page 578
Investigations……Page 580
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Forensic Laboratory: A Tool to Fight Poaching……Page 582
The Legal and Enforcement Framework……Page 583
Investigative Methods……Page 584
Review Questions……Page 586
Internet Activities……Page 587
19 Arson and Explosives Investigations……Page 588
Introduction……Page 589
Two Factors Needed to Cause A Fire……Page 590
Spontaneous Heating and Ignition……Page 591
Depth of Char……Page 592
Collapsed Furniture Springs……Page 593
Temperature Determination……Page 594
Telltale Signs of Accelerants……Page 595
Plants……Page 597
Financial Stress as The Primary Cause……Page 598
Arson Generated by Third Parties……Page 600
Revenge-Motivated Arson……Page 602
Scientific Methods in Arson Investigation……Page 603
Detection of Fire Accelerants……Page 604
Insurance Personnel……Page 605
Other Witnesses Concerning Finances of The Insured……Page 606
Interviewing the Target and the Owner……Page 607
Still Photography……Page 608
Computerized Tomography (CT)……Page 609
Types of Explosions……Page 610
The United States as a Target of IEDs……Page 611
Investigating the Explosion Scene……Page 613
Terrorist Bomb Threat Stand-off……Page 614
Review Questions……Page 617
Internet Activities……Page 618
20 Recognition, Control, and Investigation of Drug Abuse……Page 619
Introduction……Page 620
Morphine……Page 621
Heroin (Diacetylmorphine)……Page 623
Codeine……Page 624
Oxycontin……Page 625
Synthetic Narcotics……Page 626
Cocaine……Page 627
Crystallized Methamphetamine……Page 629
Methcathinone……Page 631
Depressants (Sedatives)……Page 632
Phencyclidine (PCP)……Page 633
Methylenedioxy Methamphetamine……Page 634
Ketamine……Page 635
Marijuana……Page 637
Hashish Oil……Page 639
Drug Paraphernalia……Page 640
Mexico……Page 641
Colombia……Page 643
Gathering Information……Page 644
Informants: Motivations and Types……Page 645
Department Policy……Page 646
Other Sources for Information……Page 647
Surveillance……Page 648
Undercover Operations……Page 649
High-Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) Programs……Page 651
Information Supplied by The Informant……Page 652
Warrantless Searches……Page 653
Search Procedures……Page 654
Evidence Handling……Page 655
Pharmaceutical Diversions……Page 656
Identifying Laboratory Operations……Page 657
Catching Cooks: Meth Monitors……Page 658
Conducting a Laboratory Raid……Page 659
Conspiracy Investigations……Page 660
Key Terms……Page 661
Internet Activities……Page 662
21 Terrorism……Page 663
Introduction……Page 664
Radical Islam……Page 665
Radical Islamic Groups……Page 668
Attacks from Inside the United States……Page 678
Right-Wing Terrorists……Page 680
Left-Wing Terrorists……Page 684
Drug Smuggling……Page 686
Arms Smuggling……Page 688
Credit Card Fraud and Theft……Page 689
Charities Fraud and Linkages……Page 690
National Counterterrorism Intelligence Structures……Page 691
Other Criminal Activities Linked to Terrorist Groups……Page 692
Investigation of Terrorist Activities……Page 693
Limited Biological Attacks: Anthrax……Page 696
Chemical At tacks: Mass Casualties……Page 699
Terrorism and the Future……Page 700
Key Terms……Page 701
Internet Activities……Page 702
22 The Trial Process and the Investigator as a Witness……Page 703
The Investigator……Page 704
The Prosecutor……Page 705
Jury Selection……Page 706
The Tria……Page 707
Testimony……Page 708
Relevance……Page 709
Burden of Proof……Page 710
Burden of Going Forward……Page 711
Types of Evidence……Page 712
The Hearsay Rule……Page 714
Exceptions to the Hearsay Rule……Page 715
Witnesses……Page 717
The Investigator as a Witness……Page 718
Key Terms……Page 722
Internet Activities……Page 723
A……Page 724
B……Page 725
C……Page 726
D……Page 728
F……Page 729
G……Page 730
H……Page 731
J……Page 732
M……Page 733
N……Page 734
P……Page 735
R……Page 737
S……Page 738
T……Page 740
V……Page 741
W……Page 742
Notes……Page 743
A……Page 777
B……Page 778
C……Page 779
D……Page 782
F……Page 784
G……Page 786
I……Page 787
J……Page 789
M……Page 790
N……Page 791
O……Page 792
P……Page 793
R……Page 794
S……Page 795
T……Page 798
V……Page 799
W……Page 800
Z……Page 801

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