Engineering Physiology: Bases of Human Factors Engineering/ Ergonomics (5th Edition)

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Download Engineering Physiology: Bases of Human Factors Engineering/ Ergonomics (5th Edition) written by Karl H. Kroemer, Hiltrud J. Kroemer, Katrin E. Kroemer-Elbert in PDF format. This book is under the category Engineering and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number ISBN-10; 3030406261; 303040627X/9783030406264/ 9783030406271. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

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Specifications

book-author

Karl H. Kroemer, Hiltrud J. Kroemer, Katrin E. Kroemer-Elbert

publisher

Springer; 5th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

Pages

language

English

asin

B08CSK7Z3K

isbn10

ISBN-10; 3030406261; 303040627X

isbn13

9783030406264/ 9783030406271


Book Description

Engineering Physiology; 5th Edition; (PDF) has the identical objective because the earlier prints: to supply physiological data which engineers; supervisors; designers; managers; and different planners have to make gear and work “fit the human.” Chapters have been reviewed; tables and figures up to date. New materials discusses; amongst different topics; fashions of the human physique that present sensible and design-oriented data; results of shift work/sleep loss on perspective and efficiency; biomechanics describing the physique’s capabilities and limitations; and new strategies to measure physique sizes and the next modifications in functions of that data.

The ebook doesn’t substitute customary (organic-medical-chemical) textbooks on human physiology; moderately; it offers data on human options and capabilities that are elementary to ergonomics or human (elements) engineering; phrases regularly used interchangeably. It helps place the foundations for teamwork amongst engineers and physiologists; physicians; and biologists. Bioengineering matters concern tissues and bones; biochemical processes; neural networks; biosensors; bio- and anthromechanics; notion of data; and associated actions; to say only a small quantity of areas of widespread curiosity.

Such understanding provides the underpinnings for devising work duties; instruments; autos; work-relaxation schedules; workplaces; houses; and designed environments and human-machine methods in order that we people can work and dwell effectively; safely; and comfortably.

NOTE: The product solely contains the ebook Engineering Physiology; fifth Edition in PDF. No access codes are included.

Additional information

book-author

Karl H. Kroemer, Hiltrud J. Kroemer, Katrin E. Kroemer-Elbert

publisher

Springer; 5th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

Pages

language

English

asin

B08CSK7Z3K

isbn10

ISBN-10; 3030406261; 303040627X

isbn13

9783030406264/ 9783030406271

Table of contents


Table of contents :
A Few Words about the 5th Edition
About Models
About References
We Would Like to Hear From You!
Contents
1 Skeletal Structures
1.1 Bones
1.2 Cartilage
1.3 Tendons and Ligaments
1.4 Articulations
1.5 Mobility
1.6 Artificial Joints
1.7 The Hand
1.8 The Spinal Column
1.8.1 The Spinal Disk
Glossary
References
2 Muscles
2.1 Muscle Architecture
2.1.1 Agonist-Antagonist, Co-contraction
2.1.2 Components of Muscle
2.1.3 Muscle Contraction
2.1.4 Relations Between Muscle Length and Tension
2.1.5 The “Motor Unit”
2.1.5.1
Muscle Twitch
2.2 Muscle Fatigue
2.3 Activities of Entire Muscles
2.3.1 Control of Muscle
2.3.2 Muscle Fiber Types
2.4 Strength of Muscles and Body Segments
2.4.1 Muscle Strength
2.4.2 Internal Transmission of Muscle Strength
2.4.3 Body (Segment) Strength
2.4.4 Exerting Strength with the Hand
2.5 Static and Dynamic Exertions
2.5.1 Static Strength
2.5.2 Dynamic Strength
2.5.2.1
Control of Velocity
2.5.2.2
Control of the Amount of Muscle Tension
2.5.2.3
Concurrent Control of the Amount of Effort and Motion
2.5.2.4
Controlling the Mass upon Which Muscle Acts
2.5.3 Relationships Between Measurements of Static and Dynamic Strength
2.6 Regulation of Strength Exertion
2.6.1 Feedforward
2.6.2 Feedback
2.7 Measuring Muscle Strength
2.7.1 The “Maximal Voluntary Effort”
2.7.2 Measurement Opportunities
2.7.2.1
Measuring via Feedforward
2.7.2.2
Measuring via Feedback
2.7.2.3
Measuring Output
2.8
The Strength Test Protocol
2.9
Designing for Body Strength
2.9.1
Proper Statistical Use of Strength Data
2.9.2
Designing for Hand Strength
2.9.3
Using Tables of Exerted Moments and Forces
2.9.4
Designing for Foot Strength
Glossary
References
3 Neuromuscular Control
3.1 Organization of the Nervous System
3.1.1
Organization by Function
3.1.2
Organization by Location
3.2 The Central Nervous System: Brain and Spinal Chord
3.3 Sensors and Effectors of the Peripheral Nervous System
3.3.1
Nervous Pathways of the Peripheral Nervous System
3.4 Transmission of Nerve Signals
3.4.1
The Neuron
3.4.2
Conveyance of Nerve Impulses
3.5 Control of Muscle
3.6 Ergonomic Engineering to Facilitate Control Actions
Glossary
References
4 Anthromechanics
4.1 Treating the Body as a Mechanical System
4.1.1
Stress and Strain
4.2 Mechanical Bases
4.2.1
Free-Body Diagram
4.2.2 Static Equilibrium
4.2.3
Dynamic Analyses
4.3 Anthropometric Inputs
4.3.1
Links and Joints
4.3.2
Body Volumes
4.4 Inertial Properties
4.4.1
Lean Body Mass
4.4.2
Locating the Center of Mass
4.4.3
Moments of Inertia
4.5 Kinematic Chain Models
Glossary
References
5 Respiration
5.1 Architecture
5.2 Functions
5.3 Respiratory Volumes
5.4 Measuring Respiration
Glossary
References
6 Circulation
6.1 Body Fluids
6.1.1
Blood
6.1.1.1
Blood Groups
6.1.1.2
Functions of Blood Components
6.1.2
Lymph
6.2 The Circulatory System of the Blood
6.2.1
Architecture of the Circulatory System
6.3 The Heart as Pump
6.3.1
Cardiac Output
6.4 The Capillary Bed
6.5 Blood Vessels
6.6 Hemodynamics
6.7 Regulation of Circulation
6.8 Measurement Opportunities
Glossary
References and Further Reading
7 Metabolism
7.1 Human Metabolism and Work
7.2 Energy Liberation in the Body
7.2.1
Energetic Reactions
7.3 Digestion
7.3.1
Energy Content of Nutrients
7.3.2
Digestion of Carbs, Fats, and Proteins
7.3.3
Absorption and Assimilation
7.4 Energy Release
7.4.1
Aerobic Metabolism of Glucose
7.4.2
Aerobic Metabolism of Glucose
7.4.3
Metabolism of Carbohydrate
7.4.4
Metabolism of Fat and Protein
7.5 Energy Storage
7.6 Energy for Muscle Work
7.6.1
The First Few Seconds of Muscular Effort
7.6.2
The First Ten Seconds of Muscular Effort
7.6.3
Effort Lasting Longer Than Ten Seconds
7.6.4
Muscular Work Lasting Minutes to Hours
7.7 Aerobic and Anaerobic Work
7.8 Energy Use and Body Weight
Glossary
References
8 Work and Exercise
8.1 Capacity for Physical Exercise and Work
8.1.1
Diet and Weight Observation
8.1.2
Direct Calorimetry
8.1.3
Indirect Calorimetry
8.1.3.1
Assessment by Oxygen Consumption
8.1.3.2
Assessment by Heart Rate
8.1.4
Assessment by Subjective Rating of Perceived Effort
8.2 Standardized Tests
8.2.1
Bicycle, Treadmill and Step Tests
8.2.2
Challenges
8.3 Energy Requirements at Work
8.3.1
Procedures to Catalogue Metabolic Requirements
8.3.1.1
Basal Metabolism
8.3.1.2
Resting Metabolism
8.3.1.3
Work Metabolism
8.3.2
Techniques to Estimate Energy Requirements
8.3.2.1
Using Tabulated Data
8.3.2.2
Calculating
8.3.2.3
Light or Heavy Jobs?
8.4 Overall Changes in Body Functions in Response to Work Loads
8.5 Fatigue
8.6 Human Engineering/Ergonomics
Appendix A: Techniques of Indirect Calorimetry
Appendix B: Rating the Perceived Effort
Glossary
References
9 Thermal Environment
9.1 The Human Body as a Thermo-Regulated System
9.1.1
The Energy Balance
9.2 Energy Exchanges with the Environment
9.2.1
Conduction Heat Exchange
9.2.2
Convection Heat Exchange
9.2.3
Evaporation Heat Exchange
9.3 Heat Balance
9.4 Regulation and Sensation of Body Temperature
9.4.1
Achieving Thermal Homeostasis
9.5 Measurements of Body Temperatures
9.6 Assessing the Thermal Environment
9.6.1
Ambient Temperature
9.6.2
Air Humidity
9.6.3
Air Movement
9.6.4
Radiant Heat
9.6.5
The Combined Effects of Climate Factors
9.7 Reactions of the Body to Hot Environments
9.7.1
Redistribution of Blood
9.7.2
Reduction of Muscle Activities
9.7.3
Indications of Heat Strain
9.7.4
Acclimatization to Heat
9.8 Reactions of the Body to Cold Environments
9.8.1
Redistribution of Blood
9.8.2
Increased Metabolic Heat Production
9.8.3
How Cold Does It Feel?
9.8.4
Indications of Cold Strain
9.8.5
Acclimatization to Cold
9.9 Working in Heat or Cold
9.9.1
Effects of Heat
9.9.1.1
Cardiovascular Effects
9.9.1.2
Effects on Muscles
9.9.1.3
Dehydration
9.9.1.4
Effects on Mental Performance
9.9.1.5
Working in the Heat: Summary
9.9.2
Effects of Cold
9.9.2.1
Cardiovascular Effects
9.9.2.2
Effects on Body Temperature
9.9.2.3
Effects on Work Capacity
9.9.2.4
Dehydration
9.9.2.5
Effects on Mental Performance and Dexterity
9.9.2.6
Working in the Cold: Summary
9.10 Designing the Thermal Environment
Glossary
References
10 Body Rhythms and Work Schedules
10.1 Menstrual Cycle
10.2 Circadian Rhythms
10.2.1
Models of Oscillatory Control
10.2.2
Individual Diurnal Performance Rhythms
10.3 Sleep
10.3.1
Sleep Phases
10.3.2
Sleep Loss and Tiredness
10.3.3
Normal Sleep Requirements
10.4 Sleep Deprivation and Prolonged Periods of Work
10.4.1
Performing Tasks
10.4.2
Incurring and Recovering from Performance Decrement
10.5 Shift Work
10.5.1
The Development of Shift Work
10.5.2
Shift Systems
10.5.2.1
Flextime
10.5.2.2
Compressed Workweeks
10.6 Suitable Shift Systems
10.6.1
Health and Well-Being of Shift Workers
10.6.2
Performance of Shift Workers
10.6.3
Social Interactions of Shift Workers
10.7 How to Select a Suitable Work System
10.7.1
Shift Length
Glossary
References
11 Engineering Anthropometry
11.1 Measurement Techniques
11.1.1
Terminology and Standardization
11.1.2
Classical Measuring Techniques
11.1.3
New Measurement Methods
11.2 Body Typology
11.3 Anthropometric Data Sets
11.3.1
Normality
11.3.2
Variability
11.3.3
Correlations
11.3.4
Body Proportions
11.4 Variability of Anthropometric Data
11.4.1
Data Management
11.4.2
Secular Variations
11.4.3
Intra-individual Variations
11.4.4
Inter-individual Variations
11.4.5
Changing Populations
11.5 Anthropometry of Large Populations
11.5.1
Available Body Size Data
11.6 How to Get Missing Data
11.6.1
Finding Data in the Literature
11.6.2
Conducting an Anthropometric Survey
11.6.3
Statistical Body Models
11.6.4 Deducing Unknown Values from Existing Data
11.6.4.1 Estimation by Ratio Scaling
11.6.4.2 Estimation by Regression Equation
11.6.4.3 Combining Anthropometric Data Sets
11.6.4.4 Two-Sample Composite Population
11.7 Using Anthropometric Data in Design
11.7.1
The “Normative” Adult
11.7.2
Body Positions and Motions at Work
11.8 Designing to Fit the Body
11.8.1
Determining Clothing Size Tariffs
11.8.2
Determining the Workspace of the Hands
11.9 Human-Centered Engineering
Glossary
References
Index

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