Myers’ Social Psychology (12th Edition)

$19.99

Download Myers’ Social Psychology (12th Edition) written by David Myers, Jean Twenge in PDF format. This book is under the category Medicine and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 77861973/9780077861971. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

SKU: e3bf28b1285c Category: Tag:

Specifications

book-author

David Myers, Jean Twenge

publisher

McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 12th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

688 pages

language

English

asin

B0161UZZVG

isbn10

77861973

isbn13

9780077861971


Book Description

Connecting Social Psychology to the world around us. Jean Twenge and David Myers’ Social Psychology 12th edition (PDF) introduces college students to the science of us; how our thoughts; behaviors and feelings are influenced by the present world we live in. In this twelfth edition of the ebook; esteemed and best-selling author David Myers is joined by respected psychology professor and generational differences researcher Jean Twenge in presenting an integrated learning program designed for today’s psychology students.The new edition integrates SmartBook a personalized learning program offering college students the insight they need to study smarter and improve classroom results.

Note: This purchase only includes Social Psychology 12e PDF. No access codes or online access is included witht this discounted purchase

Additional information

book-author

David Myers, Jean Twenge

publisher

McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 12th edition

file-type

PDF

pages

688 pages

language

English

asin

B0161UZZVG

isbn10

77861973

isbn13

9780077861971

Table of contents


Table of contents :
Cover……Page 1
Title Page……Page 4
Copyright Page……Page 5
Dedication……Page 6
About the Authors……Page 7
Brief Contents……Page 8
Table of Contents……Page 9
Preface……Page 20
Acknowledgments……Page 23
CHAPTER 1 Introducing Social Psychology……Page 26
What Is Social Psychology?……Page 27
We Construct Our Social Reality……Page 28
Our Social Intuitions Are Often Powerful but Sometimes Perilous……Page 29
Social Influences Shape Our Behavior……Page 30
Social Behavior Is Biologically Rooted……Page 31
Social Psychology’s Principles Are Applicable in Everyday Life……Page 32
Obvious Ways Values Enter Psychology……Page 33
Not-So-Obvious Ways Values Enter Psychology……Page 34
I Knew It All Along: Is Social Psychology Simply Common Sense?……Page 36
Focus On: I Knew It All Along……Page 38
Forming and Testing Hypotheses……Page 39
Correlational Research: Detecting Natural Associations……Page 40
Experimental Research: Searching for Cause and Effect……Page 46
Generalizing from Laboratory to Life……Page 49
Postscript: Why We Wrote This Book……Page 51
CHAPTER 2 The Self in a Social World……Page 52
Spotlights and Illusions: What Do They Teach Us About Ourselves?……Page 53
Research Close-Up: On Being Nervous About Looking Nervous……Page 54
At the Center of Our Worlds: Our Sense of Self……Page 56
Self and Culture……Page 57
Self-Knowledge……Page 62
The Inside Story: Hazel Markus and Shinobu Kitayama on Cultural Psychology……Page 63
What Is the Nature and Motivating Power of Self-Esteem?……Page 67
Self-Esteem Motivation……Page 68
The Trade-off of Low vs. High Self-Esteem……Page 70
Self-Efficacy……Page 72
What Is Self-Serving Bias?……Page 73
Explaining Positive and Negative Events……Page 74
Focus On: Self-Serving Bias-How Do I Love Me? Let Me Count the Ways……Page 75
Unrealistic Optimism……Page 76
False Consensus and Uniqueness……Page 78
Explaining Self-Serving Bias……Page 79
Self-Handicapping……Page 80
Impression Management……Page 81
What Does It Mean To Have “Self-Control”?……Page 83
Postscript: Twin Truths-The Perils of Pride, the Powers of Positive Thinking……Page 85
CHAPTER 3 Social Beliefs and Judgments……Page 86
Priming……Page 87
Intuitive Judgments……Page 89
Overconfidence……Page 91
Heuristics: Mental Shortcuts……Page 93
Counterfactual Thinking……Page 97
Illusory Thinking……Page 98
Moods and Judgments……Page 100
The Inside Story: Joseph P. Forgas: Can Bad Weather Improve Your Memory?……Page 101
Perceiving and Interpreting Events……Page 102
Constructing Memories of Ourselves and Our Worlds……Page 104
Attributing Causality: To the Person or the Situation……Page 107
The Fundamental Attribution Error……Page 109
Focus On: The Self-Fulfilling Psychology of the Stock Market……Page 115
Teacher Expectations and Student Performance……Page 116
Getting from Others What We Expect……Page 117
What Can We Conclude About Social Beliefs and Judgments?……Page 119
Postscript: Reflecting on Illusory Thinking……Page 121
CHAPTER 4 Behavior and Attitudes……Page 122
How Well Do Our Attitudes Predict Our Behavior?……Page 123
When Attitudes Predict Behavior……Page 124
Role Playing……Page 128
Evil and Moral Acts……Page 130
Social Movements……Page 132
Why Does Our Behavior Affect Our Attitudes?……Page 133
Self-Justification: Cognitive Dissonance……Page 134
The Inside Story: Leon Festinger on Dissonance Reduction……Page 137
Self-Perception……Page 138
Comparing the Theories……Page 143
Postscript: Changing Ourselves Through Action……Page 145
CHAPTER 5 Genes, Culture, and Gender……Page 146
How Are We Influenced by Human Nature and Cultural Diversity?……Page 147
Genes, Evolution, and Behavior……Page 148
Focus On: The Cultural Animal……Page 149
Research Close-Up: Passing Encounters, East and West……Page 152
How Are Males and Females Alike and Different?……Page 156
Gender and Genes……Page 157
Independence Versus Connectedness……Page 158
Social Dominance……Page 161
Aggression……Page 162
Sexuality……Page 163
Gender and Mating Preferences……Page 165
Focus On: Evolutionary Science and Religion……Page 168
Gender and Hormones……Page 169
Culture and Gender: Doing as the Culture Says?……Page 170
Gender Roles Vary Over Time……Page 171
Peer-Transmitted Culture……Page 172
Biology and Culture……Page 174
The Inside Story: Alice Eagly on Gender Similarities and Differences……Page 175
The Power of the Situation and the Person……Page 176
Postscript: Should We View Ourselves as Products or Architects of Our Social Worlds?……Page 177
CHAPTER 6 Conformity and Obedience……Page 178
What Is Conformity?……Page 179
Sherif’s Studies of Norm Formation……Page 180
Research Close-Up: Contagious Yawning……Page 182
Asch’s Studies of Group Pressure……Page 184
Milgram’s Obedience Studies……Page 186
The Inside Story: Stanley Milgram on Obedience……Page 188
The Ethics of Milgram’s Studies……Page 189
What Breeds Obedience?……Page 190
Focus On: Personalizing the Victims……Page 191
Reflections on the Classic Studies……Page 193
Group Size……Page 199
Cohesion……Page 200
Prior Commitment……Page 202
Why Conform?……Page 203
Personality……Page 206
Social Roles……Page 207
Reactance……Page 209
Asserting Uniqueness……Page 210
Postscript: On Being An Individual Within a Community……Page 211
CHAPTER 7 Persuasion……Page 213
The Central Route……Page 215
Different Paths for Different Purposes……Page 216
Who Says? The Communicator……Page 217
What Is Said? The Message Content……Page 221
Research Close-Up: Experimenting with a Virtual Social Reality……Page 222
How Is It Said? The Channel of Communication……Page 229
To Whom Is It Said? The Audience……Page 233
Focus On: Cults and Persuasion……Page 234
Strengthening Personal Commitment……Page 238
Real-Life Applications: Inoculation Programs……Page 239
Implications of Attitude Inoculation……Page 241
Postscript: Being Open but Not Naive……Page 242
CHAPTER 8 Group Influence……Page 243
What Is a Group?……Page 244
The Mere Presence of Others……Page 245
Crowding: The Presence of Many Others……Page 247
Why Are We Aroused in the Presence of Others?……Page 248
Social Loafing: Do Individuals Exert Less Effort in a Group?……Page 249
Many Hands Make Light Work……Page 250
Social Loafing in Everyday Life……Page 251
Doing Together What We Would Not Do Alone……Page 254
Diminished Self-Awareness……Page 257
The Case of the “Risky Shift”……Page 258
Do Groups Intensify Opinions?……Page 259
Focus On: Group Polarization……Page 262
Explaining Group Polarization……Page 263
Groupthink: Do Groups Hinder or Assist Good Decisions?……Page 265
Symptoms of Groupthink……Page 266
The Inside Story: Irving Janis on Groupthink……Page 267
Critiquing Groupthink……Page 269
Group Problem Solving……Page 270
The Inside Story: Behind a Nobel Prize: Two Minds Are Better Than One……Page 271
The Influence of the Minority: How Do Individuals Influence the Group?……Page 273
Self-Confidence……Page 274
Is Leadership Minority Influence?……Page 275
Focus On: Transformational Community Leadership……Page 276
Postscript: Are Groups Bad for Us?……Page 278
CHAPTER 9 Prejudice: Disliking Others……Page 279
What Is the Nature and Power of Prejudice?……Page 280
Defining Prejudice……Page 281
Racial Prejudice……Page 282
Gender Prejudice……Page 287
Gay-Lesbian Prejudice……Page 289
Social Inequalities: Unequal Status and Prejudice……Page 291
Socialization……Page 292
Institutional Supports……Page 295
Frustration and Aggression: The Scapegoat Theory……Page 296
Social Identity Theory: Feeling Superior to Others……Page 297
Motivation to Avoid Prejudice……Page 301
What Are the Cognitive Sources of Prejudice?……Page 302
Categorization: Classifying People into Groups……Page 303
Distinctiveness: Perceiving People Who Stand Out……Page 305
Attribution: Is It a Just World?……Page 308
Self-Perpetuating Prejudgments……Page 312
Stereotype Threat……Page 314
The Inside Story: Claude Steele on Stereotype Threat……Page 316
Do Stereotypes Bias Judgments of Individuals?……Page 317
Postscript: Can We Reduce Prejudice?……Page 319
CHAPTER 10 Aggression: Hurting Others……Page 321
What Is Aggression?……Page 323
Aggression as a Biological Phenomenon……Page 324
Aggression as a Response to Frustration……Page 329
Aggression as Learned Social Behavior……Page 331
Aversive Incidents……Page 334
Arousal……Page 336
Aggression Cues……Page 337
Media Influences: Pornography and Sexual Violence……Page 338
Media Influences: Television and the Internet……Page 340
Effects of Video Games……Page 345
Group Influences……Page 350
Research Close-Up: When Provoked, Are Groups More Aggressive Than Individuals?……Page 352
Catharsis?……Page 353
A Social Learning Approach……Page 355
Culture Change and World Violence……Page 356
Postscript: Reforming a Violent Culture……Page 357
CHAPTER 11 Attraction and Intimacy: Liking and Loving Others……Page 358
Proximity……Page 362
Focus On: Liking Things Associated with Oneself……Page 366
Physical Attractiveness……Page 367
The Inside Story: Ellen Berscheid on Attractiveness……Page 371
Similarity Versus Complementarity……Page 376
Liking Those Who Like Us……Page 379
Focus On: Bad Is Stronger Than Good……Page 380
Relationship Rewards……Page 381
Passionate Love……Page 383
Companionate Love……Page 386
Attachment……Page 388
Equity……Page 390
Self-Disclosure……Page 391
Focus On: Does the Internet Create Intimacy or Isolation?……Page 394
How Do Relationships End?……Page 395
Divorce……Page 396
The Detachment Process……Page 397
Postscript: Making Love……Page 399
CHAPTER 12 Helping……Page 400
Social Exchange and Social Norms……Page 402
The Inside Story: Dennis Krebs on Life Experience and the Study of Altruism……Page 403
Evolutionary Psychology……Page 409
Genuine Altruism……Page 412
Focus On: The Benefits-and the Costs-of Empathy-Induced Altruism……Page 415
When Will We Help?……Page 416
Number of Bystanders……Page 417
The Inside Story: John M. Darley on Bystander Reactions……Page 419
Helping When Someone Else Does……Page 421
Similarity……Page 422
Research Close-Up: Ingroup Similarity and Helping……Page 423
Personality Traits……Page 425
Gender……Page 426
Religious Faith……Page 427
Reduce Ambiguity, Increase Responsibility……Page 429
Socializing Altruism……Page 431
Focus On: Behavior and Attitudes Among Rescuers of Jews……Page 433
Postscript: Taking Social Psychology Into Life……Page 436
CHAPTER 13 Conflict and Peacemaking……Page 437
Social Dilemmas……Page 438
Competition……Page 444
Perceived Injustice……Page 445
Misperception……Page 446
Research Close-Up: Misperception and War……Page 449
Contact……Page 450
Research Close-Up: Relationships That Might Have Been……Page 454
Cooperation……Page 455
Focus On: Why Do We Care Who Wins?……Page 458
Focus On: Branch Rickey, Jackie Robinson, and the Integration of Baseball……Page 463
Communication……Page 465
Conciliation……Page 469
Postscript: The Conflict Between Individual and Communal Rights……Page 471
CHAPTER 14 Social Psychology in the Clinic……Page 473
What Influences the Accuracy of Clinical Judgments?……Page 474
Illusory Correlations……Page 475
Hindsight and Overconfidence……Page 476
Clinical Intuition Versus Statistical Prediction……Page 477
Focus On: A Physician’s View: The Social Psychology of Medicine……Page 479
Depression……Page 480
The Inside Story: Shelley Taylor on Positive Illusions……Page 482
Loneliness……Page 484
Anxiety and Shyness……Page 486
Health, Illness, and Death……Page 487
Inducing Internal Change Through External Behavior……Page 492
Breaking Vicious Circles……Page 493
Maintaining Change Through Internal Attributions for Success……Page 494
Using Therapy as Social Influence……Page 495
Close Relationships and Health……Page 496
Close Relationships and Happiness……Page 499
Postscript: Enhancing Happiness……Page 502
CHAPTER 15 Social Psychology in Court……Page 504
The Power of Persuasive Eyewitnesses……Page 505
When Eyes Deceive……Page 506
The Misinformation Effect……Page 508
Retelling……Page 510
Research Close-Up: Feedback to Witnesses……Page 511
Reducing Error……Page 512
The Defendant’s Characteristics……Page 516
The Judge’s Instructions……Page 518
Additional Factors……Page 520
Juror Comprehension……Page 521
Jury Selection……Page 522
“Death-Qualified” Jurors……Page 523
How Do Group Influences Affect Juries?……Page 524
Group Polarization……Page 525
Research Close-Up: Group Polarization in a Natural Court Setting……Page 526
Are Six Heads as Good as Twelve?……Page 527
From Lab to Life: Simulated and Real Juries……Page 528
Postscript: Thinking Smart with Psychological Science……Page 530
CHAPTER 16 Social Psychology and the Sustainable Future……Page 531
Psychological Effects of Climate Change……Page 535
Public Opinion About Climate Change……Page 536
Enabling Sustainable Living……Page 538
Reducing Consumption……Page 539
The Inside Story: Janet Swim on Psychology’s Response to Climate Change……Page 540
Increased Materialism……Page 542
Wealth and Well-Being……Page 543
Materialism Fails to Satisfy……Page 545
Toward Sustainability and Survival……Page 549
Research Close-Up: Measuring National Well-Being……Page 551
Postscript: How Does One Live Responsibly in the Modern World?……Page 553
Epilogue……Page 554
References……Page 556
Name Index……Page 656
Subject Index/Glossary……Page 672

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