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Orthopaedics for the Physical Therapist Assistant (2nd Edition)

Download Orthopaedics for the Physical Therapist Assistant (2nd Edition) written by Mark Dutton in PDF format. This book is under the category Medicine and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 128413931X/9781284139310. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.

$19.99

Specifications

book-author

Mark Dutton

publisher

Jones – Bartlett; 2nd edition

file-type

PDF

pages

820 pages

language

English

asin

B07BTLQF2C

isbn10

128413931X

isbn13

9781284139310


Book Description

With a new full-color design and art program Orthopaedics for the Physical Therapist Assistant; 2nd Edition (PDF) presents a broad overview of the field of orthopaedics. Written for university students studying to become a physical therapist assistant; this textbook is unique in that it combines orthopedic management; kinesiology; and therapeutic exercise; relating anatomy and kinesiology to the examination and pathology of each of the joints.

Important Notice: The digital edition of this ebook may be missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

 

book-author

Mark Dutton

publisher

Jones – Bartlett; 2nd edition

file-type

PDF

pages

820 pages

language

English

asin

B07BTLQF2C

isbn10

128413931X

isbn13

9781284139310

Table of contents


Table of contents :
Cover Page……Page 1
Title Page……Page 2
Copyright Page……Page 3
Dedication Page……Page 4
Brief Contents……Page 6
Contents……Page 8
Preface……Page 16
Features and Benefits……Page 18
Acknowledgments……Page 20
Reviewers……Page 22
Section I Fundamentals……Page 24
Overview……Page 26
The Role of the Physical Therapist Assistant……Page 27
The Rehabilitation Team……Page 30
Models of Disablement……Page 32
Cultural Influences……Page 34
Patient Education……Page 35
Reimbursement……Page 38
Summary……Page 39
Musculoskeletal Tissue……Page 42
Fascia……Page 43
Tendons……Page 44
Bone……Page 46
Fibrocartilage……Page 48
Machinery of Movement……Page 54
Muscle Fiber Types……Page 56
Muscle Function……Page 58
Vascular Tissue……Page 59
Directional Terms……Page 60
Axes of the Body……Page 62
Force……Page 63
Load Deformation Curve……Page 65
Levers……Page 66
Equilibrium……Page 67
Active Length—Tension Relationship……Page 68
Force–Velocity Relationship……Page 69
Joint Kinematics……Page 70
Close-Packed and Open-Packed Positions of the Joint……Page 71
Range of Motion, Flexibility, and Joint Mobility……Page 72
Summary……Page 73
Central Nervous System……Page 78
Peripheral Nervous System……Page 79
The Spinal Nerves……Page 83
The Brachial Plexus……Page 85
Autonomic Nerves……Page 91
Transmission of Pain……Page 92
Clinical Implications of the Neuromuscular System……Page 94
Lesions of the Nervous System……Page 96
Nerve Injury Classification……Page 102
Medical Interventions for Nerve Injury……Page 103
Sensory Testing……Page 104
Balance Testing……Page 106
Upper and Lower Quarter Scanning Examination……Page 107
Summary……Page 111
Tissue Healing……Page 116
Inflammatory (Acute) Stage……Page 117
Proliferative (Subacute) Stage……Page 119
Muscle and Tendon Injuries……Page 120
Ligament Injury……Page 124
Muscle, Tendon, and Ligament Healing—Implications for the PTA……Page 125
Inflammatory (Acute) Stage……Page 126
Proliferative (Subacute) Stage……Page 127
Remodeling Stage……Page 128
Articular Cartilage Injury and Disease……Page 129
Fractures……Page 130
Bone Healing……Page 133
Implications for the PTA……Page 134
Detrimental Effects of Immobilization……Page 135
Surgical Repair of Ligaments……Page 136
Surgical Repair of Cartilage, Bones, and Joints……Page 137
Summary……Page 139
Overview……Page 144
Implications for the PTA……Page 145
Osteoarthritis……Page 146
Implications for the PTA……Page 150
Osteoporosis……Page 151
Recognizing a Medical Emergency……Page 152
Medical Emergency Diagnoses……Page 153
Musculoskeletal Pharmacology……Page 159
Antibacterial Drugs……Page 160
Corticosteroids……Page 163
Muscle Relaxants……Page 164
Overview……Page 172
General Medical Assessment……Page 173
Tests and Measures……Page 181
Evaluation……Page 192
Outcomes……Page 193
Patient Coordination and Communication……Page 196
Documentation……Page 198
Conventional (Plain Film) Radiography……Page 199
Angiography……Page 201
Computed Tomography……Page 202
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy……Page 203
Radionuclide Scanning……Page 204
Gait……Page 210
Gait Cycle……Page 211
Characteristics of Normal Gait……Page 215
The Kinematics of Gait……Page 217
Influences on Normal Gait……Page 221
Abnormal Gait Syndromes……Page 222
Gait Training with Assistive Devices……Page 224
Posture……Page 228
Postural Examination……Page 231
Common Faulty Postures……Page 232
Summary……Page 237
Overview……Page 242
Clinical Decision-Making……Page 243
Correct Therapeutic Exercise Progression……Page 247
Summary……Page 248
Overview……Page 252
Correct Application of Manual Techniques……Page 253
Massage……Page 254
Specific Massage Techniques……Page 255
Joint Mobilizations……Page 256
Joint Mobilization Approaches……Page 259
Clinical Application……Page 260
Transverse Friction Massage……Page 261
Myofascial Release……Page 262
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation……Page 264
Myofascial Trigger Point Therapy……Page 267
Neurodynamic Mobilizations……Page 268
Summary……Page 270
Overview……Page 274
Physical Agents……Page 276
Cryotherapy……Page 277
Thermotherapy……Page 279
Hydrotherapy……Page 286
Electrotherapeutic Modalities……Page 291
Physiological Effects……Page 292
Electrodes and Their Placement……Page 294
Transdermal Iontophores……Page 295
Russian Current or Medium-Frequency Alternating Current……Page 297
Biofeedback……Page 298
Mechanical Spinal Traction……Page 299
Summary……Page 301
Section II Therapeutic Activities……Page 306
Closed Kinematic Chain……Page 308
Open Kinematic Chain……Page 309
Exercise Physiology……Page 310
Measures of Energy Expenditure……Page 311
Body Mass Index……Page 312
Gentile’s Taxonomy of Motor Tasks……Page 313
Practice and Feedback……Page 314
Summary……Page 316
Improving Range of Motion……Page 318
Passive Range of Motion……Page 319
Improving Flexibility……Page 323
Stretching……Page 325
Improving Joint Mobility……Page 329
Summary……Page 330
Overview……Page 332
Improving Strength……Page 334
Isometric Exercises……Page 335
Eccentric Exercises……Page 336
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation……Page 337
Stabilization Exercises……Page 338
Periodization……Page 339
Types of Resistance……Page 340
Considerations for Strength Training……Page 341
Strengthening Exercise Programs……Page 342
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness……Page 344
Improving Muscular Endurance……Page 345
Plyometrics……Page 346
Summary……Page 348
Overview……Page 354
Visual and Vestibular Input……Page 355
Motor Output Generation……Page 356
Improving Balance……Page 357
Agility……Page 361
Summary……Page 362
Physical Fitness……Page 364
Cardiorespiratory Endurance……Page 365
Precautions with Aerobic Conditioning……Page 366
Techniques for Improving, Maintaining, and Monitoring Cardiorespiratory Endurance……Page 367
Aerobic Conditioning Programs……Page 368
Summary……Page 369
Section III The Joints……Page 372
Design……Page 374
Structure……Page 375
Motion Segments……Page 376
Spinal Motion……Page 378
Fryette’s Third Law……Page 379
Subacute and Chronic (Functional) Phases……Page 380
Summary……Page 381
Anatomy and Kinesiology……Page 384
Cervical Spine……Page 385
Temporomandibular Joint……Page 386
Range of Motion……Page 390
Evidence-Based Testing……Page 391
Acute Phase……Page 394
Functional Retraining……Page 398
Intervention Strategies for the Temporomandibular Joint……Page 400
Cervical Strains and Sprains……Page 401
Impaired Posture……Page 402
Cervical Spondylosis……Page 403
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome……Page 404
Cervical Disk Lesions……Page 405
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction……Page 406
Therapeutic Techniques……Page 408
Techniques to Increase Soft Tissue Extensibility……Page 409
General Soft Tissue Techniques……Page 410
Self-Stretches……Page 411
Summary……Page 413
Overview……Page 418
Thoracic Motions……Page 419
Range of Motion……Page 421
Acute/Subacute Phase……Page 423
Functional/Chronic Phase……Page 425
Kyphosis……Page 427
Sternal Deformities……Page 428
Intervention……Page 429
Rotoscoliosis……Page 430
Manual Stretch into Extension……Page 431
Summary……Page 432
Overview……Page 436
Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine……Page 437
Kinesiology of the Lumbar Spine……Page 438
Side Bending……Page 439
Anatomy of the Sacroiliac Joint……Page 440
Anterior Muscle System……Page 441
Sacral Motion……Page 442
Innominate Motion……Page 443
Pelvic Stabilization……Page 444
Goniometry……Page 446
Acute Phase……Page 453
Functional/Chronic Phase……Page 457
Clinical Spinal Instability……Page 464
Disk Herniation……Page 465
Degenerative Spinal Stenosis……Page 469
Spondylolisthesis……Page 471
Summary……Page 473
Sternoclavicular Joint……Page 480
Scapulothoracic Articulation……Page 483
Glenohumeral Joint……Page 484
The Scapulohumeral Rhythm……Page 489
Muscle Function During Shoulder Motions……Page 491
General Intervention Strategies……Page 493
Acute Phase……Page 502
Chronic/Functional Phase……Page 504
Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy……Page 508
Rotator Cuff Repair……Page 510
Glenohumeral Instability……Page 511
Frozen Shoulder/Adhesive Capsulitis……Page 516
Sternoclavicular Joint Sprain……Page 517
Acromioclavicular Joint Sprain……Page 519
Proximal Humeral Fractures……Page 522
Total Shoulder Arthroplasty……Page 523
Restricted Scapulothoracic Motion……Page 527
Joint Mobilizations……Page 529
Summary……Page 531
Anatomy and Kinesiology……Page 536
Ligaments……Page 538
Muscles……Page 539
The Cubital Fossa……Page 544
Intervention Strategies……Page 545
Chronic/Functional Phase……Page 547
Overuse Injuries……Page 551
Pathologic Bone Formation……Page 555
Intercondylar Fractures……Page 556
Radial Head Fractures and Dislocations……Page 557
Olecranon Fracture……Page 558
Elbow Dislocation……Page 559
Techniques to Increase Soft Tissue Extensibility……Page 560
Transverse Frictional Massage……Page 562
Summary……Page 563
Radiocarpal (Wrist) Joint……Page 566
Extensor Retinaculum……Page 568
Flexor Retinaculum……Page 569
Interphalangeal Joints……Page 570
Muscles of the Wrist and Forearm……Page 571
Movement of the Hand on the Forearm……Page 573
Flexion and Extension Movements of the Wrist……Page 574
Frontal Lateral Movements of the Wrist……Page 575
Range of Motion……Page 576
Acute Phase……Page 580
Functional/Chronic Phase……Page 583
Peripheral Nerve Entrapment……Page 587
Tendinopathy……Page 590
Dupuytren Contracture (Palmar Fasciitis)……Page 593
Tendon Ruptures……Page 594
Wrist Sprains……Page 595
Distal Radius Fractures……Page 596
Fractured Scaphoid……Page 598
Ulnar Collateral Ligament Sprain of the Thumb……Page 599
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome……Page 600
Joint Mobilizations……Page 602
Summary……Page 604
Bones……Page 608
Muscles……Page 609
Ligaments……Page 615
Kinesiology……Page 616
Collum/Inclination Angle……Page 617
Range of Motion……Page 618
Acute Phase……Page 623
Functional Phase……Page 624
Hip Flexion Contracture……Page 630
Osteoarthritis……Page 631
Muscle Strains……Page 632
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome……Page 635
Gluteal Tendinopathy……Page 637
Bursitis……Page 638
Fractures of the Pelvis……Page 639
Hip Fractures……Page 640
Hip Preservation Surgery……Page 642
Total Hip Arthroplasty……Page 643
Intervention……Page 646
Self-Stretching……Page 647
Selective Joint Mobilizations……Page 648
Summary……Page 650
Anatomy……Page 654
Knee Menisci……Page 655
Arthrokinematics of the Tibiofemoral Joint……Page 657
Muscles of the Knee Joint Complex……Page 658
Patellar Tracking……Page 661
Range of Motion……Page 662
Acute Phase……Page 665
Functional Phase……Page 666
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear……Page 671
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tear……Page 674
Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries……Page 675
Meniscus Injuries……Page 677
Articular Cartilage Defects……Page 678
Tibiofemoral Osteoarthritis……Page 679
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome……Page 682
Tendinopathy……Page 688
Infrapatellar Fat Pad Syndrome……Page 689
Tibial Plateau Fractures……Page 690
Techniques to Increase Soft Tissue Extensibility……Page 691
Selective Joint Mobilizations……Page 692
Summary……Page 693
Anatomy and Kinesiology……Page 698
Terminology……Page 699
Joints of the Ankle and Foot……Page 702
Goniometry……Page 709
Acute Phase……Page 712
Functional/Chronic Phase……Page 715
Deformities of the Arch……Page 719
Sprains……Page 721
Hallux Valgus……Page 724
Lesser Toe Deformities……Page 726
Tendon Injuries……Page 728
Plantar Heel Pain……Page 731
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome……Page 733
Acute Compartment Syndrome……Page 734
Stress Fractures……Page 735
Techniques to Increase Soft Tissue Extensibility……Page 738
Selective Joint Mobilizations……Page 739
Summary……Page 741
Section IV Special Considerations……Page 748
Overview……Page 750
Acquired Conditions……Page 757
Congenital……Page 769
Summary……Page 771
The Aging Process……Page 774
Theories of Aging……Page 776
Musculoskeletal Disorders and Diseases……Page 777
Neurological Disorders and Diseases……Page 778
Cardiovascular Disorders and Diseases……Page 779
Multisystem Dysfunction……Page 781
The Living Will (Advanced Care and Medical Directive)……Page 786
Summary……Page 787
Appendix A American Physical Therapy Association Guide for Conduct of the Physical Therapist Assistant……Page 790
Appendix B American Physical Therapy Association’s Documentation Guidelines……Page 794
Appendix C Commonly Used Abbreviations in Orthopaedics……Page 796
Appendix D Common Laboratory Values……Page 798
Appendix E Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Terms and Techniques……Page 804
Appendix F Close-Packed and Open-Packed Positions of the Joints……Page 808
Answer Key……Page 812
Index……Page 818

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