Scientific Examination of Documents: Methods and Techniques (4th Edition)

Download Scientific Examination of Documents: Methods and Techniques (4th Edition) written by David Ellen, Stephen Day, Christopher Davies in PDF format. This book is under the category Education and bearing the isbn/isbn13 number 1498768032/9781498768030. You may reffer the table below for additional details of the book.


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David Ellen, Stephen Day, Christopher Davies


CRC Press; 4th edition




266 pages









Book Description

The Scientific Analysis of Documents: Methods and Techniques, 4th edition (PDF) is an accessible and handy volume covering current best-practices for forensic document examination. It has been revised and enlarged to incorporate the most recent advancements in the field.

Since the first edition of this book was published in 1989, there have been many significant advancements made in the field of forensic document examination. These advancements have been made both in terms of the analytical methods that are available to professional examiners and in terms of the technological advancements that have been made in printing inks and office equipment. Analyzing any material that was used in the production of a questioned document, such as a piece of paper or an ink, serves the purpose of comparing it with another material that can be found elsewhere in the questioned document itself or on another document, with the goal of determining whether or not the two materials originate from the same place. There is a possibility that the investigator will require information concerning the possible origins of the document. If this is the case, supply that information to the investigation.



The Scientific Examination of Documents 4th edition is widely considered to be one of the best ebooks currently available in its category.



The numerous developments and adjustments that have taken place over the past 13 to 15 years are reflected in this most recent, 4th edition. The current thinking on handwriting interpretation, the correct collection of samples, accidental and deliberate modification of handwriting, professional accreditation standards, qualifications, and training, a discussion of shredded documents, and modern digital imaging and analysis of documents and handwriting utilizing software and imaging, including reconstruction of an image from erasures, obliteration, and other document altering methods are some of the topics that are covered in this course. There is a new section that discusses cognitive bias, and Chapter 8 has been completely revised to cover the recent developments in print and photocopied documents, based on the technology that is available today, as well as the analytical advancements that have been made in the comparison of such documents.

Principal attributes:


  • Explains in detail and stresses the significance of ensuring that an examination is conducted using appropriate scientific procedures
  • Includes discussions on modern analysis techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, UV-VIS, mass spectrometry, and scanning electron microscopy.
  • Documents that have been scribbled, photocopied, and printed are the focus of this discussion; topics include digital versus inkjet printing.
  • Describes the developments and capacities of contemporary office technology such as faxing, photocopying, and printing, as well as their consequences for document analysis
  • Describes the ramifications of the case as well as the significance of the biological and fingerprint evidence that can be investigated, collected, and used in it.


Established professionals, as well as those who are just beginning their careers in the field, as well as legal and investigative professionals who work outside the field but have a professional interest in dealing with questioned documents in the course of their work, will find the Scientific Examination of Documents, Fourth Edition to be an invaluable resource.


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